SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Gastrectomy

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In recent years, laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy has become the recognized procedure for treatment of early gastric cancer because of improved cosmesis and reduced postoperative pain. However, there are a few reports of laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) performed for gastric cancer in the upper third or middle third stomach due to the difficulties of surgical techniques and the safety of oncologic short-term and long-term outcomes.

Concepts: Metastasis, Stomach, Helicobacter pylori, Term, Abdomen, Stomach cancer, Gastrectomy

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Gastroesophageal reflux (GR) after radical resection of proximal gastric cancer (PGC) may influence survival; however, few studies have investigated survival in PGC patients who develop GR following radical resection. This study aimed to correlate the occurrence of GR after proximal gastrectomy (PG) and total gastrectomy (TG) with clinicopathological factors and long-term survival.

Concepts: Stomach, Trigraph, Gastroesophageal reflux disease, Cultural studies, Gastrectomy

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Esophageal reflux symptom has been reported as common in patients with subtotal gastrectomy. Management of postoperative esophageal reflux symptom is not satisfactory. The aim of this study is to investigate prevalence of esophageal reflux symptom after subtotal gastrectomy and assess factors affecting esophageal reflux symptom in subtotal gastrectomy patients.

Concepts: Gastroesophageal reflux disease, Gastric acid, Esophageal cancer, Gastrectomy

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Postoperative internal hernia (IH) is a potentially life-threatening acute protrusion of viscus through an iatrogenic mesenteric defect. In our retrospective study of 1943 consecutive gastric cancer (GC) patients who had undergone surgery, the incidence of IH after laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) was 4.9%.1 This high incidence seems to be caused by decreased adhesion formation after LTG. There is no consensus regarding orifice management during robotic total gastrectomy (RTG). We therefore developed a new procedure for IH prevention during RTG.

Concepts: Spinal disc herniation, Surgery, Developed country, Stomach, Hernia, Abdomen, Gastrectomy

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An optimal method for intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy has not yet been standardized. This study sought to introduce intracorporeal hand-sewn end-to-side esophagojejunostomy after totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy.

Concepts: Object-oriented programming, Method, Gastrectomy

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Although internal hernia (IH) has been reported after laparoscopic distal or total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction, there are few reports of IH after proximal gastrectomy with jejunal interposition (PG-JI). The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence and clinical features of IH after PG-JI. This study retrospectively reviewed 71 patients who underwent PG-JI for gastric cancer at a single institution between July 2007 and December 2016. The median follow-up period after PG-JI was 50 months. Four patients (5.6%) developed IH. IH occurred in 3 of 38 patients after open PG (7.9%) and 1 of 33 after laparoscopic PG (3.1%; p = 0.38). The site of IH was Petersen in all cases, where the Petersen defect was not closed. All patients had abdominal pain at onset, and the CT revealed a whirl sign. Bowel resection was required in three patients (75%). There was no morbidity. IH after PG-JI occurred regardless of operative approach (open or laparoscopic). A high degree of suspicion for IH should be maintained in patients after gastrectomy with abdominal pain and a whirl sign on CT. Closure of the mesenteric defects should be considered to reduce the incidence of IH after surgery.

Concepts: Surgery, Stomach, Small intestine, Bowel obstruction, Abdomen, Duodenum, Closed set, Gastrectomy

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Total gastrectomy (TG) is responsible for symptoms or disturbance of alimentary status (changes in body weight, food intake per meal and frequency of meal per day) which, in turn are responsible for weight loss and malnutrition. The study evaluates the gut hormone responses in totally gastrectomized (TG) patients after a liquid meal test.

Concepts: Nutrition, Obesity, Mass, Food, Gastrectomy

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Total gastrectomy (TG) and proximal gastrectomy (PG) are used to treat upper-third early gastric cancer. To date, no consensus has been reached regarding which procedure should be selected. The aim of this study was to validate the usefulness of preserving the stomach in early upper-third gastric cancer.

Concepts: Metastasis, Stomach, Helicobacter pylori, Abdomen, Stomach cancer, Gastrectomy

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Although Roux-en-Y (R-Y) reconstruction after distal gastrectomy has several advantages, such as prevention of bile reflux into the remnant stomach, it is rarely used because of the technical difficulty. This prospective randomized clinical trial aimed to show the efficacy of a novel method of R-Y reconstruction involving the use of 2 circular staplers by comparing this novel method to Billroth-I (B-I) reconstruction.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Clinical trial, Randomized controlled trial, Stomach, Digestion, Duodenum, Stomach cancer, Gastrectomy

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The aim of this study was to clarify internal hernia (IH) characteristics after laparoscopic gastrectomy.

Concepts: Surgery, Stomach, Hernia, Gastrectomy