SciCombinator

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Concept: Friuli-Venezia Giulia

147

A new Italian earthworm morphologically close to the similarly large and anecic Eophila tellinii (Rosa, 1888) is described. Distribution of Eophila crodabepis sp. nov. extends over 750 km2 from East to West on the Asiago Plateau and Vittorio Veneto Hills, from North to South on mounts Belluno Prealps (Praderadego and Cesen), Asiago, Grappa and onto the Montello foothills. This range abuts that of Eophila tellinii in northern Friuli Venezia Giulia region. Known localities of both E. tellinii and E.crodabepis sp. nov. are mapped. mtDNA barcoding definitively separates the new western species from classical Eophila tellinii (Rosa, 1888).

Concepts: Italy, Veneto, Earthworm, Lumbricus terrestris, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Alpine foothills, Foothills

114

Malignant mesothelioma is closely associated to asbestos exposure. One such exposure may occur through contact with occupationally exposed household members and their belongings. This study examines the features of pleural mesothelioma attributable only to asbestos brought home by another family member.

Concepts: Cancer, Household, Mesothelioma, Asbestos, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Asbestos and the law, Trieste, Wittenoom, Western Australia

4

Despite being quite frequent and having serious implications in terms of symptomatology and fertility, data on incidence and prevalence of endometriosis and adenomyosis following gold standard definitions are dramatically lacking. The average time from onset of symptoms to diagnosis in industrialized countries still ranges from five to ten years. Using the regional centralized data linkage system, we calculated incidence and prevalence of endometriosis and adenomyosis in the female population of Friuli Venezia Giulia region, Italy, for the years 2011-2013. Cases were defined as new diagnoses from hospital discharge records, following procedures allowing direct visualization for endometriosis and hysterectomy for adenomyosis, with or without histological confirmation. Diagnoses were considered “new” after verifying women had not been diagnosed in the previous ten years. Incidence of endometriosis and adenomyosis in women aged 15-50 years is 0.14%. Prevalence, estimated from incidence, is 2.00%. Adenomyosis, representing 28% of all diagnoses, becomes increasingly prevalent after the age of 50 years. Our results shows how the study of both endometriosis and adenomyosis should not be limited to women of premenopausal age. Further efforts are needed to sensitize women and health professional, and to find new data linkage possibilities to identify undiagnosed cases.

Concepts: Diagnosis, Hysterectomy, Friuli-Venezia Giulia

0

To assess the accuracy of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes in identifying subjects with melanoma.

Concepts: Medicine, Cancer, Medical terms, Melanoma, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trieste

0

To compare the use of antidepressant (AD) classes and compounds in individuals who committed suicide and in controls from the general population and to assess to what extent adherence and current use of different AD classes can affect the risk of committing suicide.

Concepts: Bipolar disorder, Suicide, The Complete Manual of Suicide, Friuli-Venezia Giulia

0

The incidence of mesothelioma in Italy shows wide geographical variation, with the highest incidence rates in Genoa and Friuli Venezia Giulia (FVG). For mesothelioma, national standard incidence rates are not available prior to the calendar year 2006.

Concepts: Italy, 2006, Venice, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Genoa

0

The aim of this point-prevalence study was to assess the occurrence of polypharmacy and hyperpolypharmacy and the risk of potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIPs) among elderly and very elderly patients in different health-care settings of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region in the North-East of Italy.

Concepts: Geriatrics, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trieste

0

Incidence distribution of cutaneous melanoma depends on phenotypic characteristics of population and geographic location. In Italy, in the period 1999-2003 Friuli Venezia Giulia (FVG) region had the second highest incidence rates for males and the third for females. We analysed melanoma and lip cancer incidence data of the FVG cancer registry for the period 1995-2005. We used Bayesian hierarchical spatial models to describe the spatial pattern by gender. We decomposed the geographical distribution of the risk in two parts: a component linked to chronic exposure and a component related to intermittent exposure. In order to model the chronic component we considered the geographical distribution of incidence cases of lip cancer, for which chronic occupational solar radiation exposure is a documented risk factor. We also analysed the distribution by site and we calculated standardised rates for body surface area. This study documents a significant gradient in the incidence of cutaneous melanoma in FVG. Highstandardisedincidence rates are present in the area of Trieste and in the coastal area. The descriptive analysis by age group and by site, showed risks associated with intermittent exposures in both genders. For the coastal area the risk is especially high for sites traditionally linked to high cumulative exposures (face and neck), especially among men. The results suggest diagnostic preventive interventions in the populations living in the area of Trieste, given the high rates observed in the young age groups.

Concepts: Demography, Risk, Spatial analysis, Geography, Chemotherapy, Gender, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trieste

0

To explore to what extent and under which diagnoses individuals who committed suicide had received psychiatric in-patient care, and how many had previously committed non-lethal self-harm. To investigate the antidepressant treatment received by these individuals.

Concepts: Mental disorder, Bipolar disorder, Major depressive disorder, Suffering, Self-harm, Suicide, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trieste

0

Abstract Objective: To investigate the prescriptions of systemic antibiotics in a population of pregnant women in Italy, to identify socio-demographic factors associated with increased risk of being prescribed potentially unsafe medications, to compare prescriptions before and during pregnancy and to identify the prescribing General Practitioners (GPs). Methods: A retrospective study based on administrative anonymous databases included all women resident of the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region who delivered babies in 2011 (nā€‰=ā€‰9196). The antibiotic prescription risk was calculated by trimester and overall, and compared with that in the year before. Multivariate logistic regression analyses assessed the role of socio-demographic factors on the risk of being prescribed medications that should not be used as first-line. Results: 6688 women (72.7%) were prescribed medicines (27ā€‰363 prescriptions) during their pregnancies. Antibiotics were prescribed to 2279 women (24.8%), less commonly during pregnancy than before. Prescriptions were more frequent in the second and third trimesters. 1736 women were prescribed antibiotics other than first-line medicines (of which, seven tetracyclines and 58 quinolones, which are frankly not recommended). Those women were more frequently younger and less educated. The GPs responsible for those prescriptions were identified. Conclusions: In order to improve the prescription of antibiotics in pregnancy, an audit with the GPs is warranted to understand their motivations, discuss clinical cases and build consensus guidelines on which antibiotics should be preferred for use in pregnancy.

Concepts: Regression analysis, Medicine, Pregnancy, Childbirth, Uterus, Medical prescription, Trimester, Friuli-Venezia Giulia