Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Evolutionary medicine


 To postulate a new possible cause of a unilaterally reduced arm swing in addition to the known medical conditions such as shoulder pathology, Erb’s palsy, stroke, and Parkinson’s disease.

Concepts: Medicine, Cancer, Disease, Infectious disease, Medical terms, Parkinson's disease, Evolutionary medicine


Influenza is a highly infectious viral disease that is particularly common in the winter months. Oscillococcinum(®) is a patented homeopathic medicine that is made from a 1% solution of wild duck heart and liver extract, which is then serially diluted 200 times with water and alcohol.

Concepts: Medicine, Infectious disease, Alternative medicine, Evolutionary medicine, Serial dilution


Clinical medicine has neglected the fact that the make-up of organs and body functions, as well as the human-specific repertoire of behaviors and defenses against pathogens or other potential dangers are the product of adaptation by natural and sexual selection. Even more, for many clinicians it does not seem straightforward to accept a role of evolution in the understanding of disease, let alone, treatment and prevention.Accordingly, this Editorial seeks to set the stage for an article collection that aims at dealing precisely with the question of why evolutionary aspects of health and disease are not only interesting, but necessary to improve clinical medicine.

Concepts: Immune system, Medicine, Epidemiology, Disease, Natural selection, Evolutionary biology, Charles Darwin, Evolutionary medicine


Patients' stories of their illnesses help bridge the divide between patients and providers, facilitating more humane medical care. Illness narratives have been classified into three types: restitution (expectation of recovery), chaos (suffering and loss), and quest (unexpected positive effect from illness). Undiagnosed patients have unique illness experiences and obtaining their narratives would provide insights into the medical and emotional impact of living with an undiagnosed illness. Adults and children with undiagnosed diseases apply to be evaluated by the Undiagnosed Diseases Network (UDN). Written illness narratives from 40 UDN applicants, including 20 adult probands who applied for themselves and 20 parents who applied for their children, were analyzed for: 1) narrative content and 2) narrative type.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, Health, Epidemiology, Medical terms, Illness, Recovery model, Evolutionary medicine


The scope of illnesses that may befall international travelers is broad. A guide to preparing for the preventable causes of illness is provided. Physicians may find it useful in counseling their patients who travel internationally.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, Patient, Physician, Illness, Doctor-patient relationship, Evolutionary medicine, International


In 2017, CDC initiated a national observance, Fungal Disease Awareness Week, to increase awareness about fungal diseases, which can cause severe illness but frequently go undiagnosed. Awareness is one of the most important means to reduce delays in diagnosis and treatment, which can lead to better health outcomes and save lives.

Concepts: Medicine, Epidemiology, Medical terms, Mycology, Evolutionary medicine, Biopsychosocial model


We are delighted to announce a new section in the Journal of Translational Medicine, ‘Illnesses of Unknown Etiology’. This section aims to provide a translational medicine forum for the publication of research on illnesses, multisystem diseases and syndromes of unknown etiology. Examples of these include Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Syndrome.

Concepts: Medicine, The Canon of Medicine, Avicenna, Syndromes, Fibromyalgia, Fatigue, Chronic fatigue syndrome, Evolutionary medicine


The global burden of disease is increasingly dominated by non-communicable diseases.These diseases are less amenable to curative and preventative interventions than communicable disease. This presents a challenge to medical practice and medical research, both of which are experiencing diminishing returns from increasing investment.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, Health, Epidemiology, Disease, Infectious disease, Health science, Evolutionary medicine


Giardia is a protozoan parasite of public health relevance that causes gastroenteritis in a wide range of hosts. Two genetically distinct lineages (assemblages A and B) are responsible for the human disease. Although it is clear that differences in virulence occur, pathogenesis and virulence of Giardia remains poorly understood.

Concepts: Medicine, Health, Epidemiology, Disease, Infectious disease, Genetic disorder, Poverty, Evolutionary medicine


Two gene variants provide different levels of protection against sleeping sickness, but this comes with an increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease.

Concepts: Chronic kidney disease, Kidney, Nephrology, Medicine, Evolution, Debut albums, Evolutionary medicine, Sword