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Concept: Epigastric hernia

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Elective repair for umbilical or epigastric hernia is a frequent minor surgical procedure. Several studies have demonstrated chronic pain after groin hernia repair but long-term complaints have been only scarcely studied. This study was undertaken to investigate long-term pain and discomfort after open repair for small umbilical or epigastric hernias.

Concepts: Medicine, Surgery, Hernia, Cultural studies, Hernias, Herniorrhaphy, Pediatric surgery, Epigastric hernia

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Both laparoscopic and endoscopic robotic surgery are widely accepted for many abdominal surgeries. However, the port site for the laparoscope cannot be easily sutured without defect, particularly in the cranial end; this can result in a port-site incisional hernia and trigger the progressive thinning and stretching of the linea alba, leading to epigastric hernia. In the present case, we encountered an epigastric hernia contiguous with an incisional scar at the port site from a previous endoscopic robotic total prostatectomy. Abdominal ultrasound and CT revealed that the width of the linea alba was 30-48 mm. Previous CT images prepared before endoscopic robotic prostatectomy had shown a thinning of the linea alba. We should be aware of the possibility of epigastric hernia after laparoscopic and endoscopic robotic surgery. In laparoscopic and endoscopic robotic surgery for a high-risk patient for epigastric hernia, we should consider additional sutures cranial to the port-site incision to prevent of an epigastric hernia.

Concepts: Surgery, Hernia, Laparoscopic surgery, Laparoscopy, Hernias, Surgical staple, Robotic surgery, Epigastric hernia

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Various adjuvants have been tried to improve quality and increase duration of local anaesthetics during various nerve blocks. We aimed to evaluate the effect of adding midazolam to bupivacaine on rectus sheath (RS) block in patients undergoing umbilical or epigastric hernia repair.

Concepts: Randomized controlled trial, Surgery, Anesthesia, Hernia, Pharmaceutical industry, Hernias, Local anesthetic, Epigastric hernia

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Internal herniae are rare, those involving the falciform ligament even rarer. To the best of our knowledge, there have been approximately 20 cases of herniae involving the falciform ligament previously reported. Of these cases, only one previously reported case involves herniation of the greater omentum through the falciform ligament. We present a second case of an adult man who presented with a 48-hour history of epigastric pain and was found on contrast multidetector CT to have a strangulated transfalciform greater omental hernia. The hernia was repaired laparoscopically and the patient recovered uneventfully.

Concepts: Surgery, Hernia, Case, Greatest hits, Hernias, Epigastric hernia, Greater omentum, Falciform ligament

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Outcome of primary and incisional hernia repair is still affected by clinical complications in terms of recurrences, pain and discomfort. Factors like surgical approach, prosthesis characteristics and method of fixation might influence the outcome. We evaluated in a prospective observational study a cohort population which underwent primary and incisional laparoscopic hernia repair, with the use of a composite mesh in polypropylene fixed with absorbable devices. We focused on assessing the feasibility and safety of these procedures; they were always performed by an experienced laparoscopic surgeon, analyzing data from our patients through the EuraHS registry. Seventy nine procedures of primary and incisional hernia repair were performed from July 2013 to November 2015 at Santa Maria Regina degli Angeli Hospital in Adria (RO). All cases have been registered at the EuraHS registry ( http://www.eurahs.eu ); among them, we analyzed 29 procedures performed using a new composite polypropylene mesh (CMC, Clear Composite Mesh, DIPROMED srl San Mauro Torinese, Turin, Italy), fixed with absorbable tackers (ETHICON, Ethicon LLC Guaynabo, Puerto Rico 00969). We performed 23 incisional hernia repairs, 4 primary hernia repairs (1 umbilical, 2 epigastric and 1 lumbar hernia) and 2 parastomal hernia repairs. The median operation time was 65.1 min for elective and 81.4 min for urgent procedures (three cases). We had two post-operative complications (6.89%), one case of bleeding and another case of prolonged ileus successfully treated with conservative management. We had no recurrences at follow-up. According to QoL, at 12 months patients do not complain about any pain or discomfort for esthetic result. Laparoscopic treatment of primary and incisional hernia with the use of composite mesh in polypropylene fixed with absorbable devices is feasible and safe.

Concepts: Spinal disc herniation, Observational study, Surgery, Hernia, Bowel obstruction, Hernias, Herniorrhaphy, Epigastric hernia

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Foramen of Winslow hernia (FWH) is a rare and often overlooked diagnosis with a high mortality rate. Widespread availability of cross-sectional imaging allows early diagnosis and prompt management. In this setting, before ischemia occurs, explorative laparoscopy would be the most suitable approach. Experience, however, remains sparse, and technical difficulties may be encountered. This is the case of a 38-year-old Caucasian woman who presented to the emergency department for a sudden epigastric pain. Physical exam was unremarkable, and routine blood tests were within normal range. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan confirmed the diagnosis of ileocaecal herniation through the foramen of Winslow. Under urgent laparoscopy, the caecum appeared viable but incarcerated in the lesser sac. Caecal puncture was the key to achieving atraumatic reduction of the hernia and bowel salvage.

Concepts: Mortality rate, Surgery, Large intestine, Inguinal hernia, Hernia, Bowel obstruction, Physical examination, Epigastric hernia

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The physiological reserve of extreme elderly patients is very limited and has major impact on clinical decisions on their management. Hereby we report a 90-year-old man who presented with a strangulated epigastric hernia and who developed postoperative intra-abdominal bleeding, and highlight the value of Point-of-Care Ultrasound (POCUS) in critical decisions made during the management of this patient.

Concepts: Medical terms, Patient, Sociology, Hernia, Project management, Hernias, Inferior epigastric artery, Epigastric hernia

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There are a group of patients in which umbilical or epigastric hernias co-exist with rectus divarication. These patients have weak abdominal musculature and are likely to pose a higher risk of recurrence following umbilical hernia repair. We would like to describe a technique for open repair of small (<4 cm) midline hernias in patients with co-existing rectus divarication using self-adhesive synthetic mesh. The use of a self-adhesive mesh avoids the need for suture fixation of the mesh in the superior portion of the abdomen, allowing for a smaller skin incision.

Concepts: Surgery, Hernia, Hernias, Herniorrhaphy, Navel, Animal anatomy, Human abdomen, Epigastric hernia

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Umbilical and epigastric (umb/epi) hernia repairs are performed commonly in fertile female patients. Recent studies suggest mesh repair to be superior to suture repair; however, evidence is lacking concerning the optimal treatment of umb/epi hernias in female patients who might wish future pregnancies. The aim of this study was to compare the cumulative recurrence rate after mesh versus suture repair of umb/epi hernia in female patients subsequently becoming pregnant.

Concepts: Pregnancy, Fetus, Hernia, Fertility, Abortion, Hernias, Navel, Epigastric hernia

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Despite the small size of the incision, the scar left by open repair of epigastric hernia in children is unaesthetic. Few laparoscopic approaches to epigastric hernia repair have been previously proposed, but none has gain wide acceptance from pediatric surgeons. In this study, we present our experience with a scarless laparoscopic approach using a percutaneous suturing technique for epigastric hernia repair in children.

Concepts: Surgery, Physician, Hernia, Hernias, Inferior epigastric artery, Epigastric hernia