Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Dutch language


Mayaro virus has been associated with small outbreaks in northern South America. We isolated this virus from a child with acute febrile illness in rural Haiti, confirming its role as a cause of mosquitoborne illness in the Caribbean region. The clinical presentation can mimic that of chikungunya, dengue, and Zika virus infections.

Concepts: United States, North America, South America, Americas, Caribbean, Dutch language, Haiti


On 10 April 2015, a Dutch TV crew was filming at the Royal Burgers Zoo in Arnhem, The Netherlands. It was the intention to film the chimpanzees in the enclosure from close-by and from above with the means of a drone. When the drone came a bit closer to the chimpanzees, a female individual made two sweeps with a branch that she held in one hand. The second one was successful and downed the drone. The use of the stick in this context was a unique action. It seemed deliberate given the decision to collect it and carry it to a place where the drone might be attacked. This episode adds to the indications that chimpanzees engage in forward planning of tool-use acts.

Concepts: Human, Netherlands, Dutch language, Television program, King Crimson, Tool-using species, Arnhem, Gelderland


Aggressive fibromatosis (AF) is a locally infiltrating soft-tissue tumor. In a population-based study in the Netherlands, we evaluated time trends for the incidence and treatment of AF.

Concepts: Netherlands, Prostitution in the Netherlands, Dutch language, Kingdom of the Netherlands, Fibromatosis


To describe demographic and treatment characteristics of the Dutch vertically HIV-infected paediatric population from 1996 until 2012, and to investigate the long-term virological and immunological response to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), with emphasis on the influence of age at cART initiation and initial CD4 counts.

Concepts: Antiretroviral drug, Medicine, Netherlands, Belgium, Dutch people, Dutch language, Afrikaner


Experience with Cytoreductive Surgery (CRS) and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) in a pioneer hospital resulted in a treatment protocol that has become the standard in the Netherlands. Outcome of CRS and HIPEC was reviewed to assure differences between the pioneer phase and the period wherein the Dutch HIPEC protocol was clinically implemented.

Concepts: South Africa, Netherlands, Standardization, Belgium, Dutch people, Dutch language, Afrikaner


Combined oral anticoagulant (OAC) and antiplatelet (AP) therapy is generally discouraged in atrial fibrillation (AF) outside of acute coronary syndromes or stenting because of increased bleeding. We evaluated its frequency and possible reasons in a contemporary European AF population.

Concepts: Heart, Atrial fibrillation, Spanish language, Immigration, Heparin, French language, Dutch language, Finnish language


With the increasing awareness of post intensive care syndrome and the unbridled development of post-ICU clinics in the Netherlands, guidelines for ICU after care are needed. The purpose of this study was to develop recommendations for the set-up of post-ICU clinics.

Concepts: South Africa, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Dutch people, Dutch language, Suriname, Kingdom of the Netherlands


Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe inflammatory disease, mostly occurring in preterm infants. The Dutch guidelines for active treatment of extremely preterm infants changed in 2006 from 26+0 to 25+0weeks of gestation, and in 2010 to 24+0 of gestation. We aimed to gain insight into the incidence, clinical outcomes and treatment strategies, in three academic referral centers in the Netherlands over the last nine years.

Concepts: Inflammation, Netherlands, Belgium, Dutch people, Necrotizing enterocolitis, Dutch language, Afrikaner



Fecal microbiome variation in the average, healthy population has remained under-investigated. Here, we analyzed two independent, extensively phenotyped cohorts: the Belgian Flemish Gut Flora Project (FGFP; discovery cohort; N = 1106) and the Dutch LifeLines-DEEP study (LLDeep; replication; N = 1135). Integration with global data sets (N combined = 3948) revealed a 14-genera core microbiota, but the 664 identified genera still underexplore total gut diversity. Sixty-nine clinical and questionnaire-based covariates were found associated to microbiota compositional variation with a 92% replication rate. Stool consistency showed the largest effect size, whereas medication explained largest total variance and interacted with other covariate-microbiota associations. Early-life events such as birth mode were not reflected in adult microbiota composition. Finally, we found that proposed disease marker genera associated to host covariates, urging inclusion of the latter in study design.

Concepts: Scientific method, Experimental design, Gut flora, Medical statistics, Feces, Belgium, Dutch people, Dutch language