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Concept: Dublin


We examined the charges, their variability, and respective payer group for diagnosis and treatment of the ten most common outpatient conditions presenting to the Emergency department (ED).

Concepts: Electric charge, Medical terms, Diagnosis, Hospital, Dublin


To examine whether peppy comments from attending physicians increased the workload of residents working in the emergency department (ED).

Concepts: Hospital, Randomized controlled trial, Residency, Physicians, Dublin


A 42-year-old man presented to the emergency department (ED) with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation of unknown duration. Interrogation of the patient’s wrist-worn activity tracker and smartphone application identified the onset of the arrhythmia as within the previous 3 hours, permitting electrocardioversion and discharge of the patient from the ED.

Concepts: Patient, Hospital, Atrial fibrillation, Atrial flutter, Ireland, The Onset, Dublin


A 46-year-old farmer presented to the emergency department 3 hours after his penis was bitten by a snake while he was urinating in an open field. Examination revealed stable vital signs, with a grossly swollen penis and formation of hemorrhagic bullae at the puncture sites.

Concepts: Vital signs, Medical signs, Squamata, Penis, Viperidae, Snake, Bite, Dublin


To characterize youth who use the emergency department (ED) as a “first contact” for mental health (MH) problems.

Concepts: Mental disorder, Dublin


It is unclear whether an evaluation incorporating coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) is more effective than standard evaluation in the emergency department in patients with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndromes.

Concepts: Myocardial infarction, Hospital, Medical imaging, Computed tomography angiography, Angiography, Magnetic resonance angiography, Chest pain, Dublin


A 33-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department after a motorcycle accident. Examination of the intubated patient showed a hard, swollen, bluish scrotum and an externally rotated and slightly shortened left leg.

Concepts: Hospital, Tram accident, Ireland, Dublin


Diagnosing psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) remains challenging. The majority of ‘PNES status’ cases are likely to be seen in the emergency department or similar non-specialised units, where patients are initially assessed and managed by physicians of varying expertise in neurology.

Concepts: Prolactin, Hospital, Symptoms, Physician, Epilepsy, Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures, Dublin


A 44-year-old man presented to the emergency department with chest pain that had started 1 hour earlier and had awakened him from sleep. The pain was severe, substernal, burning, radiating to the left arm, and accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

Concepts: Myocardial infarction, Opioid, Vomiting, Ireland, Nausea, Dublin


: Pain is the most common reason for admission to the Emergency Department (ED) in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). It can be associated with severe complications and impairs quality of life. Pain management in the ED should be well-defined and aggressive. The objective of this study was to evaluate pain management in the pediatric ED of a country recently facing SCD and to identify priority areas of intervention.

Concepts: Medicine, Life, Hospital, Management, Pain, Sickle-cell disease, Sickle, Dublin