SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Cutlery

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To calculate the shear stress needed to remove sessile Listeria monocytogenes cells from stainless steel (SS) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) surfaces.

Concepts: Molybdenum, Force, Steel, Austenite, Listeria monocytogenes, Stainless steel, Corrosion, Cutlery

8

The present work examined the surface conditions and various other physical properties of sterilised single-use stainless steel acupuncture needles from two of the most popular brands widely used in many countries.

Concepts: Molybdenum, Steel, Austenite, Stainless steel, Passivation, Corrosion, Rust, Cutlery

2

The “very late” clinical outcomes for durable polymer drug-eluting stents and bare metal stents (BMSs) have been shown to be dissimilar in clinical studies. Conceptually, the long-term vascular compatibility of BMSs is still regarded to be superior to drug-eluting stents; however, no pathologic study to date has specifically addressed this issue. We evaluated the very late (≥1 year) pathologic responses to durable polymer drug-eluting stents (cobalt-chromium [CoCr] everolimus-eluting stents [EESs] and stainless steel sirolimus-eluting stents [SS-SESs]) versus BMSs (CoCr-BMSs).

Concepts: Molybdenum, Steel, Titanium, Austenite, Stainless steel, Bare-metal stent, Corrosion, Cutlery

0

This study examined survival rates of multi-surface composite restorations and stainless steel crowns (SSCs) placed by students in a pediatric dental clinic as well as the length of time it takes for restorations to be replaced with stainless steel crowns.

Concepts: Molybdenum, Steel, Titanium, Austenite, Stainless steel, Passivation, Corrosion, Cutlery

0

Extraction of teeth is one of the most commonly performed minor oral surgical procedures. However, some clinical situations render routine extractions challenging. Here we report such a situation and a simple and innovative technique that involves the use of braided stainless steel wire to remove an unfavorable palatally inclined left upper lateral incisor with least damage to adjacent structures.

Concepts: Surgery, Molybdenum, Steel, Austenite, Stainless steel, Passivation, Corrosion, Cutlery

0

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of strain and temperature on the growth and biofilm formation of Salmonella spp. in high and low concentrations of catfish mucus extract on different food-contact surfaces at 22 °C and 10 °C. The second objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of disinfectants at recommended concentrations and contact times for removing Salmonella biofilms cells on a stainless steel surface containing catfish mucus extract. Growth and biofilm formation of all Salmonella strains increased with higher concentrations of catfish mucus extract at both 10 °C and 22 °C. In 15 μg/ml of catfish mucus extract inoculated with 3 log CFU/ml, the biofilm levels of Salmonella on stainless steel surface reached to 3.5 log CFU/cm2at 10 °C or 5.5 log CFU/cm2at 22 °C in 7 days. In 375 μg/ml of catfish mucus extract inoculated with 3 log CFU/ml, the biofilm levels of Salmonella on the stainless steel surface reached 4.5 log CFU/cm2at 10 °C and 6.5 log CFU/cm2at 22 °C in 7 days. No differences were observed between Salmonella strains tested for biofilm formation in catfish mucus extract on the stainless steel surface. The biofilm formation by Salmonella Blockley (7175) in catfish mucus extract was less (P < 0.05) on buna-N rubber when compared to stainless steel, polyethylene and polyurethane surfaces. Salmonella biofilm cells were not detectable on the stainless steel surface after treatment with a mixture of disinfectants but were still present when single compound disinfectants were used.

Concepts: Molybdenum, Biofilm, Steel, Austenite, Stainless steel, Passivation, Corrosion, Cutlery

0

The purpose of this experimental study was to determine the diametric variations of a brand of handheld stainless-steel K-files, acquired from different countries, in accordance with the available standards. 20 Mani stainless-steel K-files of identical size (ISO#25) were acquired from Pakistan and were designated as Group A while 20 Mani K-files were purchased from London, UK and designated as Group B. Files were assessed using profile projector Nikon B 24V. Data was statistically compared with ISO 3630:1 and ADA 101 by one sample T test. Significant difference was found between Groups A and B. Average discrepancy of Group A fell within the tolerance limit while that of Group B exceeded the limit. Findings in this study call attention towards adherence to the dimensional standards of stainless-steel endodontic files.

Concepts: Mathematics, In vitro, Steel, Titanium, Austenite, Stainless steel, Chromium, Cutlery

0

Highly compact ZIF-8 film coated stainless steel meshes (ZFCMs) are simply fabricated via the seeding method. The ZFCMs become more hydrophilic in air and close to superoleophobic under water. The prewetting induced underwater oleophobicity of the ZFCMs has been reported here for the first time. Water-prewetted ZFCMs possess excellent aqueous stability and can efficiently separate various oil/water mixtures.

Concepts: Molybdenum, Steel, Austenite, Stainless steel, Passivation, Corrosion, Rust, Cutlery

0

A novel sintered cutting stainless steel fiber felt with internal channels (SCSSFFC) composed of a stainless-steel fiber skeleton, three-dimensional interconnected porous structure and multiple circular microchannels is developed. SCSSFFC has a jagged and rough surface morphology and possesses a high specific surface area, which is approximately 2.4 times larger than that of the sintered bundle-drawing stainless steel fiber felt with internal channels (SBDSSFFC) and is expected to enhance adhesive strength. The sol-gel and wet impregnation methods are adopted to prepare SCSSFFC with an Al₂O₃ coating (SCSSFFC/Al₂O₃). The adhesive strength of SCSSFFC/Al₂O₃ is investigated using ultrasonic vibration and thermal shock tests. The experimental results indicate that the weight loss rate of the Al₂O₃ coating has a 4.2% and 8.42% reduction compared with those of SBDSSFFCs based on ultrasonic vibration and thermal shock tests. In addition, the permeability of SCSSFFC/Al₂O₃ is investigated based on forced liquid flow tests. The experimental results show that the permeability and inertial coefficients of SCSSFFC/Al₂O₃ are mainly affected by the coating rate, porosity and open ratio; however, the internal microchannel diameter has little influence. It is also found that SCSSFFC/Al₂O₃ yields superior permeability, as well as inertial coefficients compared with those of other porous materials reported in the literature.

Concepts: Steel, Austenite, Stainless steel, Specific surface area, Porous medium, Corrosion, Porous media, Cutlery

0

The formation of periodic structures on stainless steel under linearly polarized multi-burst picosecond laser pulses irradiation was experimentally investigated. The resulting structures were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. This analysis of images revealed four distinctive (quasi-) periodic structures depending on the laser irradiation parameters, i.e., LSFLs, HSFLs, micro-grooves and nano-holes. It is demonstrated that the multi-burst picosecond pulses technique is capable of fabricating periodic structures with different scales and shapes.

Concepts: Electron, Electron microscope, Transmission electron microscopy, Scanning electron microscope, Steel, Austenite, Stainless steel, Cutlery