Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Cultural generations


Although the myth that older adults do not use mood-altering substances persists, evidence suggests that substance use among older adults has been underidentified for decades. The baby boom generation is unique in its exposure to, attitudes toward, and prevalence of substance use-causing projected rates of substance use to increase over the next twenty years. Given their unique biological vulnerabilities and life stage, older adults who misuse substances require special attention. Prevalence rates of substance use and misuse among older adults, methods of screening and assessment unique to older adults, and treatment options for older adults are reviewed.

Concepts: Biology, Demographics, Baby boomer, Cultural generations


To investigate cohort effects in arthritis prevalence across four birth cohorts: World War II (born: 1935-1944), older and younger baby boomers (born: 1945-1954 and 1955-1964), and Generation X (born: 1965-1974) and to determine whether birth cohort effects in arthritis prevalence were associated with differences in risk factors over time or period effects.

Concepts: Cohort study, Epidemiology, Demographics, World War II, Baby boomer, Generation Y, Generation, Cultural generations


To determine differences in sociodemographic and health related characteristics of Australian Baby Boomers and Generation X at the same relative age.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Demographics, Generation Y, Cultural generations, Generation X


We report social media (SoMe) utilization trends at an academic radiology department, highlighting differences between trainees and faculty and between Baby Boomers versus Generation X and Millennials.

Concepts: Demographics, Generation Y, Cultural generations, Generation X


We examine differences in household specialization between same-sex and different-sex couples within and across three birth cohorts: Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y. Using three measures of household specialization, we find that same-sex couples are less likely than their different-sex counterparts to exhibit a high degree of specialization. However, the “specialization gap” between same-sex and different-sex couples narrows across birth cohorts. These findings are indicative of a cohort effect. Our results are largely robust to the inclusion of a control for the presence of children and for subsets of couples with and without children. We provide three potential explanations for why the specialization gap narrows across cohorts. First, different-sex couples from more recent birth cohorts may have become more like same-sex couples in terms of household specialization. Second, social and legal changes may have prompted a greater degree of specialization within same-sex couples relative to different-sex couples. Last, the advent of reproductive technologies, which made having children easier for same-sex couples from more recent birth cohorts, could result in more specialization in such couples relative to different-sex couples.

Concepts: Cohort study, Demographics, Advent, Baby boomer, Generation Y, Cultural generations, Strauss and Howe, Generation X


To investigate intergenerational equity in consumption using the Australian National Transfer Accounts (NTA).

Concepts: Australia, The Australian, Melbourne, Cultural generations


This study sought to specify (1) the position of nonmedical prescription opioids (NMPO) in drug initiation sequences among Millennials (1979-96), Generation X (1964-79), and Baby Boomers (1949-64) and (2) gender and racial/ethnic differences in sequences among Millennials.

Concepts: Opioid, Demographics, Baby boomer, Generation Y, Generation, Cultural generations, Strauss and Howe, Generation X


Concerns about the sufficiency and dedication of the healthcare workforce have arisen as the baby boomer generation is retiring and the generation Y might have different working environment demands.

Concepts: Demographics, Baby boomer, Generation Y, Cultural generations


Much concern has been raised around the potential impact of the retirement of the large baby boom generation. This article specifically addresses the unique issues surrounding the retirement of female baby boomers. Demographic changes, including increased labor force participation, coupled with declining fertility rates, have resulted in a social transformation of the roles women play in society. Despite these changes, women still bear much of the caregiving responsibilities in the household, which can complicate retirement choices. This article examines female retirement in the Canadian context and presents three policy proposals to expand women’s retirement choices, encourage longer-term labor force participation, and thereby extend their working lives into the Third Age.

Concepts: Demography, Demographics of the United States, Economics, Demographics, Baby boomer, Demographics of Canada, Cultural generations, Baby Boom Generation


Popular literature often claims that baby boom women will “redefine” retirement, and there is some evidence in the gerontological literature that this may be true. However, considerably more research needs to be done on this generation of retirees. The author, a baby boomer herself, draws on recent research on retirement and her own experiences in early retirement to examine what a “good retirement” might mean, considering the diversity of baby boomers, the range of their experiences, and their relationship to work.

Concepts: Gerontology, Old age, Ageing, Demographics, Retirement, Baby boomer, Cultural generations, Boomer