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Concept: Course catalog


Online learning initiatives over the past decade have become increasingly comprehensive in their selection of courses and sophisticated in their presentation, culminating in the recent announcement of a number of consortium and startup activities that promise to make a university education on the internet, free of charge, a real possibility. At this pivotal moment it is appropriate to explore the potential for obtaining comprehensive bioinformatics training with currently existing free video resources. This article presents such a bioinformatics curriculum in the form of a virtual course catalog, together with editorial commentary, and an assessment of strengths, weaknesses, and likely future directions for open online learning in this field.

Concepts: College, Internet, Course catalog, Curricula, Course, Educational psychology, Education


To describe the implementation of ‘Pharmaceutical Industry in a Global Context’ elective in a 4-year US pharmacy programme.

Concepts: Course credit, Pharmaceutical drug, Course catalog, Course, Pharmacology, Pharmacy


Postoperative delirium (POD) is an adverse clinical outcome characterized by cognitive, affective and behavioral symptoms with typically an acute onset and a fluctuating course. POD is attributed to certain patients' predisposing factors as well as to treatment-related precipitating factors. While there are several single-component interventions for the prevention of POD, evolving evidence suggests the importance of a system approach in the prevention of POD. This involves strategies by multidisciplinary teams with additional geriatric consultation services to identify risk factors for POD and to modify their impact on the perioperative course. Some patients may profit from postponing an elective surgery and undergoing a prehabilitation program to optimize his/her resilience for the surgical and anesthesiologic stressors.

Concepts: Elective surgery, Course catalog, Course, Psychology, The Canon of Medicine, Medicine, Surgery, Medical terms


Procalcitonin (PCT) is a well-known prognostic marker after elective cardiac surgery. However, the impact of elevated PCT in patients with an initially uneventful postoperative course is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate PCT levels as a prognostic tool for delayed complications after elective cardiac surgery.

Concepts: Medical terms, Course catalog, Cohort, Prognosis, Course, Cohort study


Congenital depression of the fetal skull is a rare condition. We discuss the case of a 14-days-old male infant, born at term by elective non-complicated caesarean section presenting with a left temporoparietal skull depression. A CT scan was performed which showed no associated fracture. A conservative approach was followed since the infant showed no signs of neurological deficit. Similar cases have been managed successfully in other reports using a conservative approach, with the condition being often self-resolving over the course of a few months.

Concepts: Skull and Bones, Course catalog, Skull, Course, Case, Caesarean section, Childbirth


Medical students receive limited exposure to ophthalmology and ophthalmic surgery in the preclinical curriculum. To address this gap, the authors designed a self-directed preclinical elective course in ophthalmic surgery offered in the 2013-2014 academic year to all first- and second-year students at the study institution.

Concepts: Eye surgery, Course catalog, Course, Curricula, Medicine, Surgery, Education, Ophthalmology


The professional literature predicts worldwide perioperative nursing shortages. Compounding this is the absence of perioperative curricula in most nursing programs, which reduces new graduate interest in and awareness of employment opportunities in the OR environment. Educators at a university and a large hospital system formed an innovative partnership to create a pilot undergraduate nursing course to better prepare nurses for the surgical setting. The course was offered in a condensed-semester format and included online activities, simulation experiences, classroom discussions, and clinical experiences in a small group setting. Two of the four nursing students in the course were hired directly into the perioperative setting after graduation, decreasing hospital costs related to recruitment and orientation. The success of the course led to its integration into the undergraduate curriculum, thus providing a valuable elective option for junior and senior nursing students, as well as achieving a new model for perioperative nursing education.

Concepts: Course catalog, Model, Course, Nursing, Curriculum, Nurse, Curricula, Education