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Concept: Corrections

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The number of older adults in the criminal justice system is rapidly increasing. While this population is thought to experience an early onset of aging-related health conditions (“accelerated aging”), studies have not directly compared rates of geriatric conditions in this population to those found in the general population. The aims of this study were to compare the burden of geriatric conditions among older adults in jail to rates found in an age-matched nationally representative sample of community dwelling older adults.

Concepts: Sample, Gerontology, Old age, Crime, Prison, Criminal justice, Punishment, Corrections

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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0133604.].

Concepts: Smoking, Tobacco, Tobacco smoking, Corrections

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Methadone is an effective treatment for opioid dependence. When people who are receiving methadone maintenance treatment for opioid dependence are incarcerated in prison or jail, most US correctional facilities discontinue their methadone treatment, either gradually, or more often, abruptly. This discontinuation can cause uncomfortable symptoms of withdrawal and renders prisoners susceptible to relapse and overdose on release. We aimed to study the effect of forced withdrawal from methadone upon incarceration on individuals' risk behaviours and engagement with post-release treatment programmes.

Concepts: Morphine, Addiction, Heroin, Prison, Methadone, Corrections, Recidivism, Penology

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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0152877.].

Concepts: Corrections

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To compare the change in illicit opioid users' risk of fatal drug-related poisoning (DRP) associated with opioid agonist pharmacotherapy (OAP) and psychological support, and investigate the modifying effect of patient characteristics, criminal justice system (CJS) referral, and treatment completion.

Concepts: Clinical trial, Law, Crime, Criminal law, Criminal justice, Punishment, Police, Corrections

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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004682.].

Concepts: Corrections, Zika fever