SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Case-control study

445

There is some evidence to suggest that dog ownership may improve physical activity (PA) among older adults, but to date, studies examining this, have either depended on self-report or incomplete datasets due to the type of activity monitor used to record physical activity. Additionally, the effect of dog ownership on sedentary behaviour (SB) has not been explored. The aim of the current study was to address these issues by using activPAL monitors to evaluate the influence of dog ownership on health enhancing PA and SB in a longitudinal study of independently-mobile, community-dwelling older adults.

Concepts: Longitudinal study, Experimental design, Epidemiology, Sociology, Case-control study, Cultural studies, The Current, Monitor

299

To estimate the association between the duration and level of exposure to different classes of anticholinergic drugs and subsequent incident dementia.

Concepts: The Association, Case-control study, Anticholinergic

230

 To determine the risk of venous thromboembolism associated with use of testosterone treatment in men, focusing particularly on the timing of the risk.

Concepts: Case-control study

191

Considering that epidemiological studies show that suicide rates in many countries are highest in the spring when vitamin D status is lowest, and that low vitamin D status can affect brain function, we sought to evaluate if a low level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] could be a predisposing factor for suicide.

Concepts: Vitamin D, Epidemiology, Sociology, Vitamins, Case-control study, The Spring, Forth

179

Multiple studies of ovarian cancer and genital talc use have led only to consensus about possible carcinogenicity. Seeking greater clarity, we examined this association in 2041 cases with epithelial ovarian cancer and 2100 age-and-residence-matched controls.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Metastasis, Oncology, Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, BRCA2, Ovarian cancer, Case-control study, Talc

171

BACKGROUND: Children’s fractures have been enlisted among orthopaedics complaints of childhood obesity. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours may contribute to increased risk. This study described the prevalence of overweight/obesity in children and adolescents reporting a recent fracture in relation to gender, dynamic of trauma, and site of fracture. METHODS: Four-hundred-forty-nine children and adolescents with fracture and 130 fracture-free controls were recruited from a large children’s hospital. The interaction between overweight and gender, dynamic of trauma, site of fracture was explored. Sports participation, television viewing, and calcium intake were also investigated. RESULTS: Overweight/obesity rate was increased in girls with fracture either at the upper or the lower limb (p= 0.004), while it was increased only in boys with fracture at the lower limb (p <0.02). Overweight/obesity rate did not differ between groups with low or moderate trauma. TV viewing [greater than or equal to] 2 hrs was more frequent in children with fractures than controls (61.5% vs 34.5%, p =0.015) in the overweight/obese group. CONCLUSIONS: The increased prevalence of overweight/obesity in children with fractures is related to gender and site of fracture. Higher levels of sedentary behaviours characterize overweight children reporting fractures.

Concepts: Bone, Epidemiology, Nutrition, Bone fracture, Obesity, Childhood, Orthopedic surgery, Case-control study

170

A case-control study was conducted to evaluate the role of adult diet on nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in Taiwan.

Concepts: Antioxidant, Caffeine, Case-control study, Tea

169

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is endemic to Europe and medically highly significant. This study, focused on Poland, investigated individual risk factors for TBE symptomatic infection.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Disease, Infectious disease, Socioeconomic status, Europe, Case-control study, Encephalitis, Social status

148

Road traffic injuries are the eighth leading cause of death globally and the most affected are young people aged 15-29. By 2030 road traffic deaths will become the fifth leading cause of death unless urgent action is taken. Motorcyclists are among the most vulnerable road users and in Uganda they contribute 41% of all road traffic injuries. This paper establishes factors associated with the injuries of commercial motorcycle riders also known as boda-boda riders in Kampala, Uganda’s capital city.

Concepts: Death, Case-control study, Kampala

123

To investigate the association between use of combined oral contraceptives and risk of venous thromboembolism, taking the type of progestogen into account.

Concepts: Combined oral contraceptive pill, The Association, Case-control study, Nested case-control study