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Concept: Carol Burnett


Early life stress (ELS) consists of child family adversities (CFA: negative experiences that happened within the family environment) and/or peer bullying. ELS plays an important role in the development of adolescent depressive symptoms and clinical disorders. Identifying factors that may reduce depressive symptoms in adolescents with ELS may have important public mental health implications.

Concepts: Family, Psychology, Childhood, Adolescence, Developmental psychology, Mental disorder, The Adolescents, Carol Burnett


The annual Kaiser Family Foundation/Health Research and Educational Trust Employer Health Benefits Survey found that in 2016, average annual premiums (employer and worker contributions combined) were $6,435 for single coverage and $18,142 for family coverage. The family premium in 2016 was 3 percent higher than that in 2015. On average, workers contributed 18 percent of the premium for single coverage and 30 percent for family coverage. The share of firms offering health benefits (56 percent) and of workers covered by their employers' plans (62 percent) remained statistically unchanged from 2015. Employers continued to offer financial incentives for completing wellness or health promotion activities. Almost three in ten covered workers were enrolled in a high-deductible plan with a savings option-a significant increase from 2014. The 2016 survey included new questions on cost sharing for specialty drugs and on the prevalence of incentives for employees to seek care at alternative settings.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, Epidemiology, Economics, Employment, Nursing, Carol Burnett


This study examines the impact of Family Healthware™ on communication behaviors; specifically, communication with family members and health care providers about family health history.

Concepts: Health care, Health care provider, Medicine, Healthcare, Carol Burnett


Research into violence among military personnel has not differentiated between stranger- and family-directed violence. While military factors (combat exposure and post-deployment mental health problems) are risk factors for general violence, there has been limited research on their impact on violence within the family environment. This study aims to compare the prevalence of family-directed and stranger-directed violence among a deployed sample of UK military personnel and to explore risk factors associated with both family- and stranger-directed violence.

Concepts: Domestic violence, Epidemiology, Mental disorder, Violence, King Crimson, Carol Burnett


The aim of this paper was to examine if the multiple environments of the adolescent including family, peers, school and neighbourhood might function as protective health assets against self-harming behaviour during adolescence.

Concepts: Adolescence, Self-harm, Peer group, Carol Burnett


To analyse changes in the family living conditions of children in Catalonia between 2006 and the 2010-2012 period, and to study associations between these changes and health outcomes.

Concepts: Economics, Crisis, Carol Burnett


When a patient’s health suddenly deteriorates, a medical student delivers difficult news to a family whom no one has time for.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, Health, Physician, Illness, Paisley Park Records, Health science, Carol Burnett


The importance of the family environment for children’s and adolescents' health behavior has been demonstrated, the underlying mechanisms of this influence remain unclear. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between family environmental and individual determinants. It was hypothesized that the Family Health Climate (FHC) is associated with adolescents' physical activity and dietary behavior and that intrinsic motivation mediates this association.

Concepts: Health, Epidemiology, Human, Nutrition, Environment, Weight loss, Motivation, Carol Burnett


: Approximately 21 million people in the United States have a substance use disorder (SUD); the number of family members impacted by a loved one’s SUD is exponentially greater. Affected family members of individuals with SUDs are at high risk for developing chronic medical and psychiatric health conditions, are high utilizers of the health care system, and have high health care expenditures. Family members play a central role in the lives of many individuals with SUDs; information given to family members can have a significant impact on persons with addiction and therefore the SUD treatment that an individual might receive. Evidence-based interventions targeting affected family members have been shown to: improve health outcomes for all family members, result in better addiction treatment outcomes, and prevent adolescent substance use. Despite mounting evidence, the health care system has been hesitant to engage families in a meaningful way. Health care providers should consider how implicit and explicit assumptions about the role of family members in SUD development, treatment, and recovery may contribute to this underlying reluctance. Antiquated policies and procedures that alienate family members should be modified (e.g., limiting phone access). Family members have a right to receive professional treatment and to be educated about the difference between mutual/peer support and evidence-based treatment options. Despite the potential for family members to move the needle on the country’s current addiction crisis they remain an underutilized resource. A paradigm shift will be required to get the current SUD care continuum to adopt a family-centric model.

Concepts: Health care, Health care provider, Health economics, Medicine, Healthcare, Evidence-based medicine, United States, Carol Burnett


Sleep is critical for adolescent health and is influenced by the family environment. In our study, we examined if family structure defined as single- vs two-parent households affected adolescent sleep.

Concepts: Family, Carol Burnett