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Concept: Canoe polo


PURPOSE:: To evaluate the time international canoe polo players spend performing various game activities, measure heart rate (HR) responses during games, and describe the physiological profile of elite players. METHODS:: Eight national canoe polo players were videotaped and wore HR monitors during 3 games at a World Championship and underwent fitness testing. The mean age, height, and weight was 25 ± 1 y, 1.82 ± 0.04 m, and 81.9 ± 10.9 kg, respectively. RESULTS:: Time motion analysis of 3 games indicated that the players spent 29 ± 3% of the game slow/moderate forward paddling, 28 ± 5% contesting, 27 ± 5% resting and gliding, 7 ± 1% turning, 5 ± 1% backwards paddling, 2 ± 1% sprinting, and 2 ± 1% dribbling. Sixty nine (± 20)% of the game time was played at a HR intensity above the HR which corresponded to ventilatory threshold (VT), that was determined during the peak VO2 test. Peak oxygen uptake and VT was 3.3 ± 0.3 and 2.2 ± 0.3 L·min, respectively, on a modified Monark arm crank ergometer. Arm crank peak 5 s anaerobic power was 379 W. CONCLUSION:: The majority of the time spent during international canoe polo games involved slow to moderate forward paddling, contesting for the ball, and resting and gliding. Canoe polo games are played at a high intensity indicated by the HR responses, and the physiological characteristics suggest that these athletes had high levels of upper body aerobic and anaerobic fitness levels.

Concepts: VO2 max, Game, Anaerobic exercise, The Players, Ball games, Polo, Canoe polo, Anaerobic