SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Best practice

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We describe a set of best practices for scientific software development, based on research and experience, that will improve scientists' productivity and the reliability of their software.

Concepts: Scientific method, Science, Computer, Computer science, Best practice, System software, Computer software, Application software

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Authors submitting a manuscript to eLife are encouraged to upload it to a recognized preprint server at the same time in order to make their results available as quickly and as widely as possible.

Concepts: Best practice

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To report a descriptive study of fertility-awareness knowledge, attitudes, and practice of infertile women seeking fertility assistance.

Concepts: Infertility, Fertility, Best practice

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AIM: This study actively involved older people, staff and relatives in agreeing a definition of compassionate relationship-centred care and identifying strategies to promote such care in acute hospital settings for older people. It was a major component of a three year programme (the Leadership in Compassionate Care Programme, LCCP) seeking to integrate compassionate care across practice and educational environments. BACKGROUND: Compassionate caring and promoting dignity are key priorities for policy, practice and research worldwide, being central to the quality of care for patients and families, and job satisfaction for staff. Therapeutic relationships are essential to achieving excellence in care but little is known about how to develop and sustain such relationships in a culture that increasingly focuses on throughput and rapid turnover. APPROACH AND METHODS: The study used appreciative inquiry and a range of methods including participant observation, interviews, story telling and group discussions to actively engage older people, relatives and staff. A process of immersion crystallization was used to analyze data with staff as co-analysts. FINDINGS: The study adds considerably to the conceptualization of compassionate, relationship-centred care and provides a model to aid staff deliver such care in practice, based on ‘appreciative caring conversations’ that enable all parties to gain two forms of ‘person and relational knowledge’ about ‘who people are and what matters to them’ and ‘how people feel about their experience’. Such knowledge enables staff, patients and carers to ‘work together to shape the way things are done’. The study generated a model called the 7 ‘C’s that captures in detail the factors necessary to promote 'appreciative caring conversations’. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The study demonstrates that engaging in ‘appreciative caring conversations’ promotes compassionate, relationship-centred care but that these conversations involve practitioners taking risks. Such ‘relational practices’ must therefore be valued and accorded status. Staff require appropriate support, facilitation and strong leadership if these practices are to flourish.

Concepts: Sociology, Anthropology, Knowledge, Best practice

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Best practices promulgated by the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma suggest that delay in surgery for adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) should not exceed 5 days. This study aimed to probe the relationship between operative delay and adverse outcomes, defined as occurrence of a complication, requirement for bowel resection, prolonged postoperative stay, or death in ASBO using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

Concepts: Crohn's disease, Constipation, Hernia, Bowel obstruction, General surgery, Best practice, Nationwide Building Society

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Abstract Polyamory is a term used to describe when individuals pursue multiple concurrent romantic relationships with the permission of their partners. Polyamory is an under-recognized and under-researched area of interest in the mental health field. Therefore, little guidance is available on best practice for couple and sex therapy interventions. The current paper explores a case study involving the successful implementation of sensate focus therapy with a polyamorous couple. The unique issues that arose while performing sex therapy with a couple in this type of coupling were explored to provide clinicians with recommendations for practice.

Concepts: Case study, Mental disorder, Polyamory, The Current, Best practice, Explorer, Adultery, Sex therapy

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Good nursing handover is central to the delivery of high-quality care. However, there are no national tools available to audit and benchmark practice standards in this area. Following a review of the literature, evidence-based best practice standards were identified and used by the author to audit nursing handover in one acute NHS trust in the UK. Results of the audit were used to assure quality of care and identify areas for improvement.

Concepts: Evaluation, United Kingdom, Area, Best practice, Anarchy in the U.K., The Delivery

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OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific status of the biopsychosocial (BPS) model and to propose a way to improve it. DISCUSSION: Engel’s BPS model added patients' psychological and social health concerns to the highly successful biomedical model. He proposed that the BPS model could make medicine more scientific, but its use in education, clinical care, and, especially, research remains minimal. Many aver correctly that the present model cannot be defined in a consistent way for the individual patient, making it untestable and non-scientific. This stems from not obtaining relevant BPS data systematically, where one interviewer obtains the same information another would. Recent research by two of the authors has produced similar patient-centered interviewing methods that are repeatable and elicit just the relevant patient information needed to define the model at each visit. We propose that the field adopt these evidence-based methods as the standard for identifying the BPS model. CONCLUSION: Identifying a scientific BPS model in each patient with an agreed-upon, evidence-based patient-centered interviewing method can produce a quantum leap ahead in both research and teaching. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: A scientific BPS model can give us more confidence in being humanistic. In research, we can conduct more rigorous studies to inform better practices.

Concepts: Scientific method, Das Model, Psychiatry, Interview, Best practice, Biopsychosocial model, Biomedical model, Medical models

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The purpose of this best practice advice article is to describe the indications for screening for cervical cancer in asymptomatic, average-risk women aged 21 years or older.

Concepts: Cancer, Metastasis, Human papillomavirus, Cervical cancer, Carcinoma in situ, Radiation therapy, Endometrial cancer, Best practice

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Practices vary between institutions and amongst prescribers regarding when to initiate stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP), which agent to choose (including doses and frequencies) and rationale, and decisions about escalation or discontinuation of therapy. The purpose of this survey is to evaluate the perceptions of prescribers about risk assessment of stress-related mucosal bleeding (SRMB) and practice patterns of SUP.

Concepts: Risk, Intensive care medicine, Risk management, Risk assessment, Best practice, Stress ulcer