Concept: Anarchy in the U.K.
To investigate the sugar, energy and caffeine content of sugar-sweetened drinks marketed and consumed as energy drinks available in the UK.
Wernicke’s encephalopathy (WE) is a serious medical emergency whose pathogenesis is well understood and reviewed in this paper. Summarizing the evidence for its prophylaxis and management, the authors suggest that, in the UK, there is evidence that many patients identified as being at risk of WE currently do not receive appropriate treatment, despite the availability (not universal) of guidelines and protocols.
Studies suggest that increased breastfeeding rates can provide substantial financial savings, but the scale of such savings in the UK is not known.
UK Dementia Strategies prioritise fair access to mental and physical healthcare. We investigated whether there are inequalities by deprivation or gender in healthcare received by people with dementia, and compared healthcare received by people with and without dementia.
There are a lack of reliable data on the epidemiology and associated burden and costs of asthma. We sought to provide the first UK-wide estimates of the epidemiology, healthcare utilisation and costs of asthma.
There are large inequalities in levels of physical activity in the UK, and this is an important determinant of health inequalities. Little is known about the effectiveness of community-wide interventions to increase physical activity and whether effects differ by socioeconomic group.
Heart failure is a common long term condition affecting around 900 000 people in the UK and patients commonly present to primary care. The prognosis of patients with a code of heart failure in their primary care record is unknown.
To describe trends in the epidemiology of gout and patterns of urate-lowering treatment (ULT) in the UK general population from 1997 to 2012.
To study the salt and sugars content of breakfast cereals sold in the UK between 1992 and 2015.
To determine how ‘overdiagnosis’ is currently conceptualised among adults in the UK in light of previous research, which has found that the term is difficult for the public to understand and awareness is low. This study aimed to add to current debates on healthcare in which overdiagnosis is a prominent issue.