SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Accident

187

Each year >32,000 deaths and 2 million nonfatal injuries occur on U.S. roads.

Concepts: United States, U.S. state, Accident, Vietnam War

150

To identify factors that people with a traumatic brain injury and their families perceived as helping to improve their quality of life.

Concepts: Psychology, Life, Traumatic brain injury, Accident

147

Penetrating brain injury (PBI) can be caused by several objects ranging from knives to chopsticks. However, an assault with long and electric screwdriver is a peculiar accident and is relatively rare. Because of its rarity, the treatments of such injury are complex and nonstandardized.

Concepts: Traumatic brain injury, Accident, Penetrating trauma, Screwdriver

34

Cycle use across London and the UK has increased considerably over the last 10 years. With this there has been an increased interest in cycle safety and injury prevention. Head injuries are an important cause of mortality and morbidity in cyclists. This study aimed to ascertain the frequency of different head injury types in cyclists and whether wearing a bicycle helmet affords protection against specific types of head injury.

Concepts: Injuries, Cycling, Physical trauma, Accident, Concussion, Helmet, Bicycle helmet

32

Powered exoskeletons are designed to safely facilitate ambulation in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). We conducted the first meta-analysis of the available published research on the clinical effectiveness and safety of powered exoskeletons in SCI patients.

Concepts: Academic publishing, Accident

29

The safety of using a ureteral access sheath during retrograde intrarenal surgery remains controversial. Using a novel classification, we prospectively evaluated the incidence and severity of ureteral access sheath driven ureteral wall injury after flexible ureteroscopy for retrograde intrarenal surgery.

Concepts: Surgery, Injuries, Injury, Amputation, Accident

28

Objective: The present study measured arm and other body injuries to classroom staff that were caused by a student who had developmental disabilities and treatment-resistant aggression. Methods: Following a baseline (no equipment) phase, staff wore protective equipment on their arms but not on other areas of their body. Results: The frequency of self-reported arm injuries increased with protective equipment, but injury severity decreased. Wearing the protective equipment was also associated with more injuries to other areas of the body. Conclusions: Staff-worn protective equipment may reduce the severity but not the frequency of staff injuries from aggression; as well, the presence of protective equipment may set the occasion for increased injuries to non-protected areas of the body.

Concepts: Present, Injury, Aggression, Personal protective equipment, Protection, Disability, Physical trauma, Accident

28

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the determinants of the severity and type of injuries sustained by children hurt in off-road vehicle (ORV) accidents. METHODS: This was a retrospective clinical study for which data were obtained from the trauma database at the Children’s Hospital at Westmead covering the 10-year period between January 1, 1998, and December 31, 2007. Data points collected included age, sex, Injury Severity Score (ISS), body region injured, type of vehicle, accident setting, mechanism of injury, estimated speed, position of the rider, use of a helmet and/or protective clothing, and hospital length of stay. The study end points were determinants of injury severity and type. Statistical analysis of the collected data was done with the standard statistical software package, SPSS. RESULTS: A total of 288 children (242 male [84%] and 46 female [16%] patients) presented for ORV-related trauma. Helmets significantly diminished the chance of sustaining a head injury occasioning a skull fracture. Jumping was associated with increased ISS and a higher chance of sustaining an abdominal and/or thoracic injury. Older children were more likely to sustain pelvic and spinal injures, be injured while traveling at high speed, and be injured while going over a jump. Mean ISS was significantly lower if trauma was sustained while riding a mini motorcyle in any setting and any ORV at home. CONCLUSIONS: Further research (prospective, federal, and multi-institutional) is needed with a view to optimizing training schedules, rules, regulations, and licensing requirements for pediatric ORV riders.

Concepts: Statistics, Injuries, Injury, Physical trauma, Accident, Concussion, Sustain, Off-road vehicle

27

This systematic review was conducted to identify the impact of upper body warm-up on performance and injury prevention outcomes.

Concepts: Public health, Physical trauma, Accident

26

Skiing and snowboarding have increased in popularity since the 1960s. Both sports are responsible for a substantial number of musculoskeletal injuries treated annually by orthopaedic surgeons. Specific injury patterns and mechanisms associated with skiing and snowboarding have been identified. No anatomic location is exempt from injury, including the head, spine, pelvis, and upper and lower extremities. In these sports, characteristic injury mechanisms often are related to the position of the limbs during injury, the athlete’s expertise level, and equipment design. Controversy exists about the effectiveness of knee bracing and wrist guards in reducing the incidence of these injuries. Understanding these injury patterns, proper training, and the use of injury prevention measures, such as protective equipment, may reduce the overall incidence of these potentially debilitating injuries.

Concepts: Surgery, Injury, Orthopedic surgery, Protection, Human anatomy, Accident