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VH Lee, SC Ng, CW Choi, MY Luk, TW Leung, GK Au and DL Kwong
Abstract
BACKGROUND: We would like to investigate the if IMRT produced better target coverage and dose sparing to adjacent normal structures as compared with 3DCRT and LOF for patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy treated with retro-orbital irradiation. METHODS: Ten consecutive patients diagnosed with Graves' ophthalmopathy were prospectively recruited into this study. An individual IMRT, 3DCRT and LOF plan was created for each patient. Conformity index (CI), homogeneity index (HI) and other dosimetric parameters of the targets and organs-at-risk (OAR) generated by IMRT were compared with the other two techniques. RESULTS: Mann–Whitney U test demonstrated that CI generated by IMRT was superior to that produced by 3DCRT and LOF (p=0.005 for both respectively). Similarly HI with IMRT was proven better than 3DCRT (p=0.007) and LOF (p=0.005). IMRT gave rise to better dose sparing to some OARs including globes, lenses and optic nerves as compared with 3DCRT but not with LOF. CONCLUSIONS: IMRT, as compared with 3DCRT and LOF, was found to have a better target coverage, conformity and homogeneity and dose sparing to some surrounding structures, despite a slight increase but clinically negligible dose to other structures. Dosimetrically it might be a preferred treatment technique and a longer follow up is warranted to establish its role in routine clinical use.
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Concepts
Hospital, Thyroid disease, Graves' ophthalmopathy, Target Corporation, Hyperthyroidism
MeSH headings
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