OPEN Phlebology / Venous Forum of the Royal Society of Medicine | 21 Nov 2013
Z Sternberg, P Grewal, S Cen, F Debarge-Igoe, J Yu and M Arata
This study is the first in a series investigating the relationship between autonomic nervous system dysfunction and chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in multiple sclerosis patients. We screened patients for the combined presence of the narrowing of the internal jugular veins and symptoms of autonomic nervous system dysfunction (fatigue, cognitive dysfunction, sleeping disorders, headache, thermal intolerance, bowel/bladder dysfunction) and determined systolic and diastolic blood pressure responses to balloon angioplasty.
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