High urinary tungsten concentration is associated with stroke in the national health and nutrition examination survey 1999-2010
OPEN PloS one | 19 Nov 2013
J Tyrrell, TS Galloway, G Abo-Zaid, D Melzer, MH Depledge and NJ Osborne
In recent years there has been an exponential increase in tungsten demand, potentially increasing human exposure to the metal. Currently, the toxicology of tungsten is poorly understood, but mounting evidence suggests that both the elemental metal and its alloys have cytotoxic effects. Here, we investigate the association between tungsten and cardiovascular disease (CVD) or stroke using six waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).
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