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TP Kaloni, M Tahir and U Schwingenschlögl
Abstract
We study a superlattice of silicene and hexagonal boron nitride by first principles calculations and demonstrate that the interaction between the layers of the superlattice is very small. As a consequence, quasi free-standing silicene is realized in this superlattice. In particular, the Dirac cone of silicene is preserved. Due to the wide band gap of hexagonal boron nitride, the superlattice realizes the characteristic physical phenomena of free-standing silicene. In particular, we address by model calculations the combined effect of the intrinsic spin-orbit coupling and an external electric field, which induces a transition from a semimetal to a topological insulator and further to a band insulator.
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Concepts
Mathematics, Magnetic field, Band gap, Philosophical terminology, Fundamental physics concepts, Aluminium nitride, Condensed matter physics, Boron nitride
MeSH headings
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