A high-throughput three-dimensional cell migration assay for toxicity screening with mobile device-based macroscopic image analysis
OPEN Scientific reports | 22 Oct 2013
DM Timm, J Chen, D Sing, JA Gage, WL Haisler, SK Neeley, RM Raphael, M Dehghani, KP Rosenblatt, TC Killian, H Tseng and GR Souza
There is a growing demand for in vitro assays for toxicity screening in three-dimensional (3D) environments. In this study, 3D cell culture using magnetic levitation was used to create an assay in which cells were patterned into 3D rings that close over time. The rate of closure was determined from time-lapse images taken with a mobile device and related to drug concentration. Rings of human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293) and tracheal smooth muscle cells (SMCs) were tested with ibuprofen and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Ring closure correlated with the viability and migration of cells in two dimensions (2D). Images taken using a mobile device were similar in analysis to images taken with a microscope. Ring closure may serve as a promising label-free and quantitative assay for high-throughput in vivo toxicity in 3D cultures.
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