SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

I Chung, B Lee, J He, RP Chang and MG Kanatzidis
Abstract
Dye-sensitized solar cells based on titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) are promising low-cost alternatives to conventional solid-state photovoltaic devices based on materials such as Si, CdTe and CuIn(1-x)Ga(x)Se(2) (refs 1, 2). Despite offering relatively high conversion efficiencies for solar energy, typical dye-sensitized solar cells suffer from durability problems that result from their use of organic liquid electrolytes containing the iodide/tri-iodide redox couple, which causes serious problems such as electrode corrosion and electrolyte leakage. Replacements for iodine-based liquid electrolytes have been extensively studied, but the efficiencies of the resulting devices remain low. Here we show that the solution-processable p-type direct bandgap semiconductor CsSnI(3) can be used for hole conduction in lieu of a liquid electrolyte. The resulting solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells consist of CsSnI(2.95)F(0.05) doped with SnF(2), nanoporous TiO(2) and the dye N719, and show conversion efficiencies of up to 10.2 per cent (8.51 per cent with a mask). With a bandgap of 1.3 electronvolts, CsSnI(3) enhances visible light absorption on the red side of the spectrum to outperform the typical dye-sensitized solar cells in this spectral region.
Tweets*
12
Facebook likes*
3
Reddit*
0
News coverage*
5
Blogs*
1
SC clicks
6
Concepts
Dye-sensitized solar cell, Semiconductor, Germanium, Electrolyte, Titanium dioxide, Electrochemistry, Photovoltaics, Solar cell
MeSH headings
-
comments powered by Disqus

* Data courtesy of Altmetric.com