Lensless inference camera: incoherent object recognition through a thin mask with LBP map generation
Optics express | 7 Apr 2021
X Pan, T Nakamura, X Chen and M Yamaguchi
We propose a preliminary lensless inference camera (LLI camera) specialized for object recognition. The LLI camera performs computationally efficient data preprocessing on the optically encoded pattern through the mask, rather than performing computationally expensive image reconstruction before inference. Therefore, the LLI camera avoids expensive computation and achieves real-time inference. This work proposes a new data preprocessing approach, named local binary patterns map generation, dedicated for optically encoded pattern through the mask. This preprocessing approach greatly improves encoded pattern’s robustness to local disturbances in the scene, making the LLI camera’s practical application possible. The performance of the LLI camera is analyzed through optical experiments on handwritten digit recognition and gender estimation under conditions with changing illumination and a moving target.
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