[Nutritional status predicts clinical outcomes in patients with gastric cancer undergoing radical gastrectomy]
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi | 23 Feb 2021
XS Zhu, Y Zhao, FY Ma, L Xuan and SK Wu
Objective: To evaluate the effect of nutritional status on clinical and pathological data for stage Ⅰ-Ⅳ gastric cancer patients from the cancer survival investigation information. Methods: A database of 302 consecutive gastric cancer patients underwent radical gastrectomy was enrolled in this study. The clinical and pathological information of them were corrected and the relationship between the nutritional index and the patients survival time were analyzed by a Cox regression model. Results: The clinical data analysis of 302 patients with gastric cancer who received total gastric resection indicated that the nutritional status was related to the stage of tumor patients, suggesting that the later the stage was, the more necessary the nutritional therapy intervention was. Univariate analysis showed that Ⅲ+Ⅳ of TNM staging (HR=4.417, 95%CI:2.483-6.351; P =0.029), patient age of 65 and above (HR=2.217, 95%CI:0.522-3.912; P =0.038), lymph node metastasis positive (HR=2.517, 95%CI:0.516-4.518; P=0.036), poor tumor differentiation (HR=3.626, 95%CI:0.721-6.531; P =0.021) and low PNI (HR=2.612, 95%CI: 0.712-4.512; P =0.029) is an important risk factor for poor prognosis. In the multivariate analysis, Ⅲ+Ⅳ of TNM staging (HR=3.821, 95%CI:1.923-5.719; P =0.014), patient age of 65 and above (HR=1.168, 95%CI:0.321-2.015; P =0.036) and low PNI (HR=2.435, 95%CI:1.024-3.846; P =0.039) was independently correlated with poor survival time; When age was used as a stratification factor, the correlation between CONUT recurrence and survival in patients with gastric cancer ≥65 years old after total gastric resection was analyzed and compared. For disease-free survival, the CONUT high group (>3) was 25.2 months, while the CONUT low group (≤3) was 30.9 months, (χ2=3.763,P=0.029), showing a significant difference. For the overall survival, the CONUT high(>3) group was 30.3 months, compared with the CONUT low(≤3) group at 34.5 months, (χ2=4.924,P=0.042), and the difference was also statistically significant. Conclusions: High controlling nutritional status is an independent risk factor associated with poor gastric cancer survival and it is an independent risk factor in predicting overall survival (OS) in elderly (≥65) gastric cancer after radical gastrectomy.
* Data courtesy of Altmetric.com