Journal of palliative medicine | 30 Jan 2021
C Hoppenot, RD Littell, T DeEulis and EM Hartenbach
Cervical cancer is the most common gynecologic cancer worldwide. Almost all are related to human papillomavirus exposure. Cervical cancer treatment is associated with significant morbidity that is likely to require support from palliative care teams. In these pearls on cervical cancer, we hope to inform providers about the common treatments and issues for cervical cancer patients. Treatment modalities include surgery for early-stage disease, radiation therapy for locally advanced disease, and pelvic exenteration, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy for recurrent disease. Cervical cancer causes pain and bleeding. Radiation can affect ovarian, urinary, and bowel function. Chemotherapy and immunotherapy are associated with fatigue and nausea. Fistulas between the vagina and bowel or bladder can occur due to cancer or to cancer treatments. Physical and emotional supportive care is important for women with cervical cancer.
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