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The thyroid gland and the process of aging; what is new?

OPEN Thyroid research | 28 Nov 2012

A Gesing, A Lewi Ski and MG Karbownik-Lewi Ska
Abstract
The endocrine system and particular endocrine organs, including the thyroid, undergo important functional changes during aging. The prevalence of thyroid disorders increases with age and numerous morphological and physiological changes of the thyroid gland during the process of aging are well-known. It is to be stressed that the clinical course of thyroid diseases in the elderly differs essentially from that observed in younger individuals, because symptoms are more subtle and are often attributed to normal aging. Subclinical hypo- and hyperthyroidism, as well as thyroid neoplasms, require special attention in elderly subjects. Intriguingly, decreased thyroid function, as well as thyrotropin (TSH) levels – progressively shifting to higher values with age – may contribute to the increased lifespan.This short review focuses on recent findings concerning the alterations in thyroid function during aging, including these which may potentially lead to extended longevity, both in humans and animals.
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Concepts
Triiodothyronine, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Thyroid disease, Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Graves' disease, Thyroid, Endocrine system
MeSH headings
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