Evidence against the Involvement of Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Abnormalities in Multiple Sclerosis. A Case-Control Study
OPEN PloS one | 24 Aug 2013
IW Rodger, D Dilar, J Dwyer, J Bienenstock, A Coret, J Coret-Simon, G Foster, A Franchetto, S Franic, CH Goldsmith, D Koff, NB Konyer, M Levine, E McDonald, MD Noseworthy, J Paulseth, L Ribeiro, MJ Sayles and L Thabane
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease of the CNS. Recently a controversial vascular hypothesis for MS, termed chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI), has been advanced. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relative prevalence of the venous abnormalities that define CCSVI.
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