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Wealth and the Inflated Self: Class, Entitlement, and Narcissism

Personality & social psychology bulletin | 22 Aug 2013

PK Piff
Abstract
Americans may be more narcissistic now than ever, but narcissism is not evenly distributed across social strata. Five studies demonstrated that higher social class is associated with increased entitlement and narcissism. Upper-class individuals reported greater psychological entitlement (Studies 1a, 1b, and 2) and narcissistic personality tendencies (Study 2), and they were more likely to behave in a narcissistic fashion by opting to look at themselves in a mirror (Study 3). Finally, inducing egalitarian values in upper-class participants decreased their narcissism to a level on par with their lower-class peers (Study 4). These findings offer novel evidence regarding the influence of social class on the self and highlight the importance of social stratification to understanding basic psychological processes.
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Concepts
Narcissistic personality disorder, Max Weber, Social mobility, Working class, Narcissism, Social stratification, Social class, Sociology
MeSH headings
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