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FY Yang, YJ Li, SJ Han, D Chen, LY Wu, ZJ Xiao, CL Li and NZ Xing
Abstract
Objective: To investigate the feasibility and safety of minimally invasive radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer patients without preoperative prostate biopsy in the new era of the continuous development of comprehensive new imaging diagnostic mode and minimally invasive surgery technology. Methods: From August 2018 to October 2019, 17 patients with prostate cancer were enrolled in this study in the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. All patients were highly suspected of prostate cancer by PSMA-PET/CT-based imaging diagnostic techniques and underwent 3D laparoscopic radical prostatectomy without prostate biopsy. The perioperative data, postoperative pathology, postoperative complications and follow-up results were recorded and analyzed. Results: The average age of 17 patients with prostate cancer was (65±7) years. The body mass index (BMI) average was (24.4±3.0) kg/m(2). The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score was 1 (1-2) and the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) score was 1 (0-4). The preoperative value of PSA was (19±11) μg/L. The PSMA PET/CT showed abnormally high expression foci and the great possibility of prostate cancer for all the 17 patients. Prostate puncture biopsy: the results of prostate biopsy were negative in 3 cases. The digital rectal examination found that the prostate volume was Ⅰ or Ⅱ degree large, 10 cases touched hard and the nodule was touched in two cases. Three patients had undergone a previous prostate biopsy, but prostate cancer was not found. All the 17 operations were successfully performed without conversion to open surgery. The surgery time was (85±21) (range from 45 to 120) min, the estimated blood loss was (25±18) (range from5 to 100) ml, the time of intake of liquid diet was (14.3±4.4) h, the intestinal recovery time was (23±10) h, the postoperative activity time was (22±7) h, the drainage duration was (3.7±0.8) d, the postoperative hospital stay was (4.9±1.2) days, and the catheter removal time was (7.4±1.5) days. In the early postoperative period (within 30 days after surgery), no obvious complications occurred. The postoperative final pathology confirmed that all the 17 specimens were prostate cancer. After a median follow-up of 6.5 months, the patient’s urinary control rate reached 81.3% at postoperative 1 month, 92.3% at postoperative 3 months after surgery, and the urinary control rate reached 100% at postoperative 6 months. Postoperative PSA value was (0.08±0.08) μg/L, significantly lower than preoperative PSA level (P<0.001). There was significant difference between the preoperative and postoperative QOL (Quality of life) score (57±5 and 47±5 respectively, P<0.001) which indicated that the patients' postoperative quality of life was greatly improved. Conclusions: It is safe and feasible to perform minimally invasive radical prostatectomy without preoperative prostate biopsy for patients with highly suspected prostate cancer by comprehensive diagnostic mode based on modern new imaging technology.
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