OPEN Sensors (Basel, Switzerland) | 1 Aug 2020
Y Kong, C Li, Z Chen and X Zhao
The recognition of non-line-of-sight (NLOS) state is a prerequisite for alleviating NLOS errors and is crucial to ensure the accuracy of positioning. Recent studies only identify the line-of-sight (LOS) state and the NLOS state, but ignore the contribution of occlusion categories to spatial information perception. This paper proposes a bidirectional search algorithm based on maximum correlation, minimum redundancy, and minimum computational cost (BS-mRMRMC). The optimal channel impulse response (CIR) feature set, which can identify NLOS and LOS states well, as well as the blocking categories, are determined by setting the constraint thresholds of both the maximum evaluation index, and the computational cost. The identification of blocking categories provides more effective information for the indoor space perception of ultra-wide band (UWB). Based on the vector projection method, the hierarchical structure of decision tree support vector machine (DT-SVM) is designed to verify the recognition accuracy of each category. Experiments show that the proposed algorithm has an average recognition accuracy of 96.7% for each occlusion category, which is better than those of the other three algorithms based on the same number of CIR signal characteristics of UWB.
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