SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

The implications of silent transmission for the control of COVID-19 outbreaks

OPEN Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America | 8 Jul 2020

SM Moghadas, MC Fitzpatrick, P Sah, A Pandey, A Shoukat, BH Singer and AP Galvani
Abstract
Since the emergence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), unprecedented movement restrictions and social distancing measures have been implemented worldwide. The socioeconomic repercussions have fueled calls to lift these measures. In the absence of population-wide restrictions, isolation of infected individuals is key to curtailing transmission. However, the effectiveness of symptom-based isolation in preventing a resurgence depends on the extent of presymptomatic and asymptomatic transmission. We evaluate the contribution of presymptomatic and asymptomatic transmission based on recent individual-level data regarding infectiousness prior to symptom onset and the asymptomatic proportion among all infections. We found that the majority of incidences may be attributable to silent transmission from a combination of the presymptomatic stage and asymptomatic infections. Consequently, even if all symptomatic cases are isolated, a vast outbreak may nonetheless unfold. We further quantified the effect of isolating silent infections in addition to symptomatic cases, finding that over one-third of silent infections must be isolated to suppress a future outbreak below 1% of the population. Our results indicate that symptom-based isolation must be supplemented by rapid contact tracing and testing that identifies asymptomatic and presymptomatic cases, in order to safely lift current restrictions and minimize the risk of resurgence.
Tweets*
6918
Facebook likes*
5
Reddit*
22
News coverage*
211
Blogs*
9
SC clicks
0
Concepts
-
MeSH headings
-
comments powered by Disqus

* Data courtesy of Altmetric.com