Nature medicine | 7 May 2020
NHL Leung, DKW Chu, EYC Shiu, KH Chan, JJ McDevitt, BJP Hau, HL Yen, Y Li, DKM Ip, JSM Peiris, WH Seto, GM Leung, DK Milton and BJ Cowling
We identified seasonal human coronaviruses, influenza viruses and rhinoviruses in exhaled breath and coughs of children and adults with acute respiratory illness. Surgical face masks significantly reduced detection of influenza virus RNA in respiratory droplets and coronavirus RNA in aerosols, with a trend toward reduced detection of coronavirus RNA in respiratory droplets. Our results indicate that surgical face masks could prevent transmission of human coronaviruses and influenza viruses from symptomatic individuals.
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