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Sternal-sparing approach for reoperative bilateral lung transplantation

OPEN Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery | 13 Jul 2013

JK Bhama, A Bansal, N Shigemura, CA Bermudez and Y Toyoda
OBJECTIVESA sternal-sparing approach for bilateral lung transplantation was recently applied to reoperative lung transplant cases and is compared with the traditional clamshell approach.METHODSA retrospective analysis of 15 consecutive reoperative bilateral lung transplants performed from January 2008 to April 2011 was conducted. Outcomes were compared between the first 11 patients who underwent the traditional clamshell and the most recent 4 patients who underwent the sternal-sparing approach.RESULTSThe indication for retransplantation was obliterative bronchiolitis in all patients. Both groups were similar with regard to age, allograft ischaemic time and operative time. Cardiopulmonary bypass was more frequent in the sternal-sparing group although required for a shorter period of time. The need for postoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for primary graft dysfunction was similar in both groups. The length of ICU care and total hospitalization length of stay were similar for the sternal-sparing group compared with the traditional clamshell approach. Operative mortality and overall survival also did not differ.CONCLUSIONSReoperative bilateral lung transplantation with a sternal-sparing approach is feasible and may yield outcomes similar to those in the traditional clamshell approach. Further analysis with larger numbers of patients is warranted to delineate the benefits of this approach for patients requiring reoperative lung transplantation.
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Time, Pleural effusion, Bronchiolitis obliterans, Cardiopulmonary bypass, Extracorporeal, Lung transplantation, Pulmonology, Organ transplant
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