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Targeting BTK with Ibrutinib in Relapsed or Refractory Mantle-Cell Lymphoma

OPEN The New England journal of medicine | 21 Jun 2013

ML Wang, S Rule, P Martin, A Goy, R Auer, BS Kahl, W Jurczak, RH Advani, JE Romaguera, ME Williams, JC Barrientos, E Chmielowska, J Radford, S Stilgenbauer, M Dreyling, WW Jedrzejczak, P Johnson, SE Spurgeon, L Li, L Zhang, K Newberry, Z Ou, N Cheng, B Fang, J McGreivy, F Clow, JJ Buggy, BY Chang, DM Beaupre, LA Kunkel and KA Blum
Abstract
Background Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a mediator of the B-cell-receptor signaling pathway implicated in the pathogenesis of B-cell cancers. In a phase 1 study, ibrutinib, a BTK inhibitor, showed antitumor activity in several types of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, including mantle-cell lymphoma. Methods In this phase 2 study, we investigated oral ibrutinib, at a daily dose of 560 mg, in 111 patients with relapsed or refractory mantle-cell lymphoma. Patients were enrolled into two groups: those who had previously received at least 2 cycles of bortezomib therapy and those who had received less than 2 complete cycles of bortezomib or had received no prior bortezomib therapy. The primary end point was the overall response rate. Secondary end points were duration of response, progression-free survival, overall survival, and safety. Results The median age was 68 years, and 86% of patients had intermediate-risk or high-risk mantle-cell lymphoma according to clinical prognostic factors. Patients had received a median of three prior therapies. The most common treatment-related adverse events were mild or moderate diarrhea, fatigue, and nausea. Grade 3 or higher hematologic events were infrequent and included neutropenia (in 16% of patients), thrombocytopenia (in 11%), and anemia (in 10%). A response rate of 68% (75 patients) was observed, with a complete response rate of 21% and a partial response rate of 47%; prior treatment with bortezomib had no effect on the response rate. With an estimated median follow-up of 15.3 months, the estimated median response duration was 17.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 15.8 to not reached), the estimated median progression-free survival was 13.9 months (95% CI, 7.0 to not reached), and the median overall survival was not reached. The estimated rate of overall survival was 58% at 18 months. Conclusions Ibrutinib shows durable single-agent efficacy in relapsed or refractory mantle-cell lymphoma. (Funded by Pharmacyclics and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01236391 .).
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Concepts
Tyrosine kinase, Blood disorders, Protein kinase, Response rate, Lymphoma, Signal transduction, Chemotherapy, Cancer
MeSH headings
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