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D Lee and PE Zimmern
Abstract
Introduction: Stress urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse are major quality of life conditions affecting millions of individuals. Transvaginal mesh materials have been proposed to supplant native tissue repairs. However, these materials have opened a new field, meshology, devoted to the management of mesh complications. Areas covered: This review highlights some of the recent developments in this subspecialty which often requires a multidisciplinary approach. With better imaging, the preoperative assessment of mesh complications has been enhanced. Specialized centers with high volumes are best suited to handle these challenging patients who fear the many risks of mesh removal and the uncertainties of their clinical status after the removal procedure(s). However, despite a better classification system recommended by specialized societies, the multidimensional outcome of these repair procedures will require the adoption of outcome tools which can cover several domains such as urinary incontinence, pelvic pain, dyspareunia, bladder infections, to name a few. Expert opinion: The surgical approach to mesh removal is also evolving with some experts recommending complete removal while others prefer more selective excision. Finally, the long-term outcome of these mesh removal procedures is not yet fully known.
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