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Transport of active particles in an open-wedge channel

The Journal of chemical physics | 15 Apr 2019

L Caprini, F Cecconi and U Marini Bettolo Marconi
Abstract
The transport of independent active Brownian particles within a two-dimensional narrow channel, modeled as an open-wedge, is studied both numerically and theoretically. We show that the active force tends to localize the particles near the walls, thus reducing the effect of the entropic force which, instead, is prevailing in the case of passive particles. As a consequence, the exit of active particles from the smaller side of the channel is facilitated with respect to their passive counterpart. By continuously re-injecting particles in the middle of the wedge, we obtain a steady regime whose properties are investigated in the presence and absence of an external constant driving field. We characterize the statistics and properties of the exit process from the two opposite sides of the channel, also by making a comparison between the active case and passive case. Our study reveals the existence of an optimal value of the persistence time of the active force which is able to guarantee the maximal efficiency in the transport process.
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