[The value of preoperative CA19-9 combined with platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio in predicting invasive malignancy in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms]
Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] | 14 Mar 2019
JA Li, X Han, Y Fang, L Zhang, WH Lou, XF Xu, WC Wu, TT Kuang, DS Wang and YF Rong
Objective: To explore preoperative predictive markers for invasive malignancy in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm(IPMN). Methods: The retrospective case-controlled study was adopted.Seventy-nine patients who underwent surgery and with pathologically confirmed IPMN from January 2005 to December 2014 at Department of Pancreatic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University were enrolled.Forty-six patients were male and 33 were female,with an average age of (62.9±8.9)years (range:37-82 years).Tumor sites:56 tumors were located at the head of the pancreas,22 were located at the body and tail of the pancreas,and 1 was located across the whole pancreas.Surgical procedures: 51 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy, 22 patients underwent distal pancreatectomy, 4 patients underwent segmental pancreatectomy and 2 patients underwent total pancreatectomy.IPMNs were classified into non-invasive lesions and invasive carcinomas according to the histopathological findings of the tumor.Thirty-two tumors were non-invasive lesions and 47 were invasive carcinomas.The preoperative findings were compared between patients with non-invasive IPMN and patients with invasive carcinoma by univariate analysis using t test and χ(2) test accordingly,and factors with statistically significance were subsequently submitted to multivariate analysis. Results: Univariate analysis showed that tumor size(P=0.022), carcinoembryonic antigen(P=0.012), CA19-9(P=0.011), lymphocytes(P=0.034), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio(P=0.010)and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio(PLR)(P=0.004)were predictive markers with statistical significance.Multivariate analysis showed that CA19-9(P=0.012)and PLR(P=0.025) were independent predictive markers for invasive malignancy in IPMN.The area under curve of the combination factor of CA19-9 and PLR(0.864) was larger than that of CA19-9(0.806) or PLR(0.685) alone, and all the authentic indicators of the combination factor were better than those of each alone. Conclusions: CA19-9 and PLR are independent predictive markers for invasive malignancy in IPMN.The combination of CA19-9 and PLR has improved efficacy than each alone.
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