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[Cumulative live birth rates after frozen embryo transfer and fresh embryo transfer with oocyte numbers more than 15]

OPEN Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences | 7 Mar 2019

Z Peng and N Liu
To compare the cumulative live birth rates (CLBR) and the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) between fresh embryo transfer (ET) and frozen ET (the freeze-all policy), when oocyte numbers are more than 15 in the first treatment of in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection, and to evaluate the benefits of the freeze-all policy.
 Methods: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 2 842 patients whose oocytes numbers were more than 15, including 1 095 frozen ET patients and 1 747 fresh ET patients. The patients general data, a baseline features, CLBR, and the incidence of OHSS were compared between the 2 groups.
 Results: There were 598 patients in the 2 groups after they experienced the propensity score matching. No significant differences were found in age, infertility causes, body mass index, basal follicle stimulating hormone level, the total days and total dose of using gonadotrophin (Gn) between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). The CLBR of the freeze-all cycles increased along with the number of oocytes (P>0.05), and the oocyte numbers were greater in freeze-all group than those of the fresh ET group (P<0.001). There was no significant difference in CLBR after one complete cycle between the 2 groups (P>0.05), but after the first embryo transfer cycle, the CLBR in freeze-all group was higher than that in the fresh ET cycle group (P<0.05). The incidence of OHSS in patients with freeze-all was significantly lower than that in the patiants with fresh ET (P<0.05).
 Conclusion: Patients with oocytes over 15 and OHSS tendency who accepted the freeze-all strategy can help them to prevent OHSS and they have a higher CLBR than fresh ET cycles.
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