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The Effect of Silver Nanoparticles on Learning, Memory and Social Interaction in BALB/C Mice

OPEN International journal of environmental research and public health | 11 Jan 2019

K Greish, AA Alqahtani, AF Alotaibi, AM Abdulla, AT Bukelly, FM Alsobyani, GH Alharbi, IS Alkiyumi, MM Aldawish, TF Alshahrani, V PittalĂ , S Taurin and A Kamal
Abstract
Silver Nanoparticles (AgNPs), an epitome of nanotechnology, appear in everyday products such as water filters, printer ink, toothpaste, food packaging and cosmetics mostly due to their bactericidal properties. Given this high level of public exposure, the safety of AgNPs has never been fully established. The unsafe use of AgNPs could pose a real threat, not only to public health but also to economic growth in many industries. In this paper, we tested the effect of AgNPs on memory, learning, social behaviour and motor function of BALB/C mice. Outcomes of the present study suggested an impairment of these functions in AgNPs treated groups. Overall, obtained data support the evidence that the systemic exposure to AgNPs may result in alteration of the cerebral cognition and warrants further consideration on the impact of the AgNPs on human health with respect to their potential neurotoxicity.
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