Immobilized Cells of Bacillus circulans ATCC 21783 on Palm Curtain for Fermentation in 5 L Fermentation Tanks
OPEN Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) | 9 Nov 2018
J Wang, Y Hu, C Qiu, H Fan, Y Yue, A Jiao, X Xu and Z Jin
Palm curtain was selected as carrier to immobilize Bacillus circulans ATCC 21783 to produce β-cyclodextrin (β-CD). The influence for immobilization to CGTase activity was analyzed to determine the operation stability. 83.5% cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases (CGTase) of the 1st cycle could be produced in the 7th cycle for immobilized cells, while only 28.90% CGTase was produced with free cells. When palm curtain immobilized cells were reused at the 2th cycle, enzyme activities were increased from 5003 to 5132 U/mL, which was mainly due to physical adsorption of cells on palm curtain with special concave surface structure. Furthermore, conditions for expanded culture of immobilized cells in a 5 L fermentation tank were optimized through specific rotation speed procedure (from 350 r/min to 450 r/min with step size of 50 r/min) and fixed ventilation capacity (4.5 L/min), relations between biomass, enzyme activity, pH, and oxygen dissolution was investigated, and the fermentation periods under the two conditions were both 4 h shorter. Compared with free cell, immobilized cell was more stable, effective, and had better application potential in industries.
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