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The deubiquitination of the PTS1-import receptor Pex5p is required for peroxisomal matrix protein import

Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular cell research | 9 Nov 2018

F El Magraoui, R Brinkmeier, T Mastalski, A Hupperich, C Strehl, D Schwerter, W Girzalsky, HE Meyer, B Warscheid, R Erdmann and HW Platta
Abstract
Peroxisomal biogenesis depends on the correct import of matrix proteins into the lumen of the organelle. Most peroxisomal matrix proteins harbor the peroxisomal targeting-type 1 (PTS1), which is recognized by the soluble PTS1-receptor Pex5p in the cytosol. Pex5p ferries the PTS1-proteins to the peroxisomal membrane and releases them into the lumen. Finally, the PTS1-receptor is monoubiquitinated on the conserved cysteine 6 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The monoubiquitinated Pex5p is recognized by the peroxisomal export machinery and is retrotranslocated into the cytosol for further rounds of protein import. However, the functional relevance of deubiquitination has not yet been addressed. In this study, we have analyzed a Pex5p-truncation lacking Cys6 [(Δ6)Pex5p], a construct with a ubiquitin-moiety genetically fused to the truncation [Ub-(Δ6)Pex5p], as well as a construct with a reduced susceptibility to deubiquitination [Ub(G75/76A)-(Δ6)Pex5p]. While the (Δ6)Pex5p-truncation is not functional, the Ub-(Δ6)Pex5p chimeric protein can facilitate matrix protein import. In contrast, the Ub(G75/76A)-(Δ6)Pex5p chimera exhibits a complete PTS1-import defect. The data show for the first time that not only ubiquitination but also deubiquitination rates are tightly regulated and that efficient deubiquitination of Pex5p is essential for peroxisomal biogenesis.
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