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Renal involvement in chronic lymphocytic leukemia

OPEN Clinical kidney journal | 6 Oct 2018

R Wanchoo, C Bernabe Ramirez, J Barrientos and KD Jhaveri
Abstract
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most commonly diagnosed adult leukemia in the USA and Western Europe. Kidney disease can present in patients with CLL as a manifestation of the disease process such as acute kidney injury with infiltration or with a paraneoplastic glomerular disease or as a manifestation of extra renal obstruction and tumor lysis syndrome. In the current era of novel targeted therapies, kidney disease can also present as a complication of treatment. Tumor lysis syndrome associated with novel agents such as the B-cell lymphoma 2 inhibitor venetoclax and the monoclonal antibody obinutuzumab are important nephrotoxicities associated with these agents. Here we review the various forms of kidney diseases associated with CLL and its therapies.
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