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E Atrián-Blasco, P Gonzalez, A Santoro, B Alies, P Faller and C Hureau
Abstract
Several diseases share misfolding of different peptides and proteins as a key feature for their development. This is the case of important neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases and type II diabetes mellitus. Even more, metal ions such as copper and zinc might play an important role upon interaction with amyloidogenic peptides and proteins, which could impact their aggregation and toxicity abilities. In this review, the different coordination modes proposed for copper and zinc with amyloid-β, α-synuclein and IAPP will be reviewed as well as their impact on the aggregation, and ROS production in the case of copper. In addition, a special focus will be given to the mutations that affect metal binding and lead to familial cases of the diseases. Different modifications of the peptides that have been observed in vivo and could be relevant for the coordination of metal ions are also described.
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