Turkish journal of medical sciences | 27 Feb 2018
K Yusufoğlu, MÖ Erdoğan, İ Tayfur, MA Afacan and Ş Çolak
Background/aim: This study aimed to evaluate traumatic thorax complications in post-CPR patients and to investigate whether or not there has been a decrease in these complications since the adoption of current chest compression recommendations. Materials and methods: Post-CPR patients with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) were admitted between January 2014 and January 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients admitted to the ED in 2014 were resuscitated according to 2010 AHA CPR guidelines, while those admitted to the ED in 2015 were resuscitated according to current ERC CPR guidelines. Results: The study population comprised 48 male and 35 female patients. Of the 2010 AHA guideline patients, 39.21% experienced pulmonary contusion, while 54.83% of 2015 ERC guideline patients had pulmonary contusion. It was found that 11.76% of 2010 AHA guideline patients and 3.22% of 2015 ERC guideline patients had pneumothorax, while 9.8% of 2010 AHA guideline patients and 12.9% of 2015 ERC guideline patients experienced hemothorax. Incidence rates of lung contusion, pneumothorax, and hemothorax were higher in patients with rib fractures. Conclusion: In this study, traumatic thoracic complications were investigated in patients with ROSC after CPR. The incidence of CRP-related injuries did not decrease on application of the new 2015 ERC CPR guideline recommendations. The most common injury in this study was rib fracture, followed by sternal fracture, lung contusion, hemothorax, and pneumothorax. Statistically, rib fracture had a positive relationship with lung contusion, hemothorax, and pneumothorax.
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