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Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and language.

OPEN Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry | 10 Nov 2012

A Monti, R Ferrucci, M Fumagalli, F Mameli, F Cogiamanian, G Ardolino and A Priori
Abstract
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a non-invasive neuromodulation technique inducing prolonged brain excitability changes and promoting cerebral plasticity, is a promising option for neurorehabilitation. Here, we review progress in research on tDCS and language functions and on the potential role of tDCS in the treatment of post-stroke aphasia. Currently available data suggest that tDCS over language-related brain areas can modulate linguistic abilities in healthy individuals and can improve language performance in patients with aphasia. Whether the results obtained in experimental conditions are functionally important for the quality of life of patients and their caregivers remains unclear. Despite the fact that important variables are yet to be determined, tDCS combined with rehabilitation techniques seems a promising therapeutic option for aphasia.
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Concepts
Electrochemistry, Alternating current, Electricity, Medicine, Traumatic brain injury, Broca's area, Linguistics, Transcranial direct current stimulation
MeSH headings
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