[Premature outflow tract ventricular contraction combined with complete bundle branch block: the characteristic electrocardiographic and ablation target potential features]
Zhonghua nei ke za zhi | 6 Dec 2017
CY Di, Z Wan, K Li, YS Ding and WH Lin
Objective: To explore the characteristics of electrocardiogram(ECG) and target potential features of premature ventricular contraction (PVC) in patients with complete left/right bundle branch block (CL/RBBB) and compare with those without CL/RBBB. Methods: A retrospective analysis was done in 8 outflow tract PVC patients with CL/RBBB, who successfully underwent radiofrequency ablation from August 2009 to June 2017. According to the bundle branch block chamber, patients were divided into the complete right bundle branch block (CRBBB) group (n=4) and the complete left bundle branch block (CLBBB) group (n=4). The control group were those who successfully underwent ablation at the same position as the above two groups but without CL/RBBB. The characteristics of ECG and target potential features were compared among groups. Results: One case in the CRBBB group was successfully ablated in the great cardiac vein with precordial R/S>1 transition at V(1) and one case in the CLBBB group was successfully ablated in the right coronary cusp with precordial R/S>1 transition at V(2), while other 6 cases were all with precordial R/S>1 transition at lead V(4). Precordial R/S>1 transition was not later than sinus rhythm (SR) in the CLBBB group. No statistical difference was found in the QRS complex duration between SR and PVC in the CL/RBBB patients [(134.38±23.80)ms vs (156.75±25.93)ms, P>0.05], while statistical difference was shown in the control group [(92.63±5.76)ms vs (140.25±15.97)ms, P<0.05]. Conclusion: Bundle branch block can lead to misjudgment of PVC origin with CL/RBBB during sinus rhythm, thus the origin chamber of the PVC should be determined according to the mapping and ablation result.
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