Environmental chemicals and breast cancer: An updated review of epidemiological literature informed by biological mechanisms
OPEN Environmental research | 11 Oct 2017
KM Rodgers, JO Udesky, RA Rudel and JG Brody
Many common environmental chemicals are mammary gland carcinogens in animal studies, activate relevant hormonal pathways, or enhance mammary gland susceptibility to carcinogenesis. Breast cancer’s long latency and multifactorial etiology make evaluation of these chemicals in humans challenging.
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