Evaluation of therapeutic potential of the silver/silver chloride nanoparticles synthesized with the aqueous leaf extract of Rumex acetosa
OPEN Scientific reports | 16 Sep 2017
S Kota, P Dumpala, RK Anantha, MK Verma and S Kandepu
Silver nanoparticles were green synthesized with the aqueous leaf extract of the widely consumed green leafy vegetable, Rumex acetosa (sorrel) and the obtained silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were tested for their in vitro antioxidant potential, cytotoxicity against human osteosarcoma (HOS) cell lines and antibacterial effects against sixteen human pathogenic clinical isolates. Different analytical techniques viz. UV-vis, FTIR, XRD, SEM-EDX and TEM were employed to characterize the synthesized Ag NPs. Surface Plasmon spectra for the Ag NPs with brownish black color were centered approximately at 448 nm. FTIR analysis revealed the presence of reactive N-H and O-H groups that are effective in reducing Ag(I) ions to Ag(0) which then reacted with the contents of the extract to AgCl/Ag2C2O4. From SEM and TEM analyses, the particles were found to be predominantly spherical in shape and ranged in size from 5 nm to 80 nm, but were largely in the range of 15 nm to 20 nm. Ag NPs showed considerable antioxidant activity, and all the sixteen clinical isolates of human pathogens tested were significantly inhibited. Also, HOS cell lines were significantly (p < 0.05) inhibited at 25% concentration of the Ag NPs extract, while showing a marginal revival at 50% and 100% concentrations.
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