Toric intraocular lenses: Historical overview, patient selection, IOL calculation, surgical techniques, clinical outcomes, and complications
OPEN Journal of cataract and refractive surgery | 26 Mar 2013
N Visser, NJ Bauer and RM Nuijts
We present an overview of currently available toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) and multifocal toric IOLs. Relevant patient selection criteria, IOL calculation issues, and surgical techniques for IOL implantation are discussed. Clinical outcomes including uncorrected visual acuity, residual refractive astigmatism, and spectacle independency, which have been reported for both toric IOLs and multifocal toric IOLs, are reviewed. The incidence of misalignment, the most important complication of toric IOLs, is determined. Finally, future developments in the field of toric IOLs are discussed. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE: No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.
* Data courtesy of Altmetric.com