The microbiome of professional athletes differs from that of more sedentary subjects in composition and particularly at the functional metabolic level
OPEN Gut | 1 Apr 2017
W Barton, NC Penney, O Cronin, I Garcia-Perez, MG Molloy, E Holmes, F Shanahan, PD Cotter and O O'Sullivan
It is evident that the gut microbiota and factors that influence its composition and activity effect human metabolic, immunological and developmental processes. We previously reported that extreme physical activity with associated dietary adaptations, such as that pursued by professional athletes, is associated with changes in faecal microbial diversity and composition relative to that of individuals with a more sedentary lifestyle. Here we address the impact of these factors on the functionality/metabolic activity of the microbiota which reveals even greater separation between exercise and a more sedentary state.
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